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TAMIU Psychology 1301 exam 1 Part V

TAMIU Psychology 1301 exam 1 Part V - toward other neurons...

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Chapter II Neuroscience – Interdisciplinary field studying how biological processes relate to behavioral and  mental processes. Neuron  – Cell of the nervous system responsible for receiving and transmitting electrochemical  information Glial Cells  – Cells that provide structural, nutritional and other support for neurons, as well as  communication within the nervous system. Dendrites  – Branching neuron structures that receive neural impulses from other neurons and  convey impulses toward the cell. Axon  – A long, tube like structure that conveys impulses away from the neuron’s cell body 
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Unformatted text preview: toward other neurons or to muscles or glands. Myelin Sheath – Layer of fatty insulation wrapped around the axon of some neurons, which increases the rate at which nerve impulses travel along the axon. Synapse – Function between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron. During an action potential, chemicals called neurotransmitters are released and flow across the synaptic gap....
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