This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: March 7, 2008 [Psychology] Primary Reinforcers Stimuli that increase the probability of a response because they satisfy a biological need, such as food, water, and sex. Secondary Reinforcers Stimuli that increase the probability of a response because of their learned value such as money and material possessions. Positive Reinforcement Adding a stimulus, this strengthens a response and makes it more likely to recur. Negative Reinforcement Taking away a stimulus, which strengthens a response and makes it more likely to recur. Continuous Reinforcement Every correct response is reinforced Partial Reinforcement Some, but not all, correct responses are reinforced. Definitions Response Rates Ratio Schedules Fixed Ratio Reinforcement occurs after a predetermined the ratio is fixed. Variable Ratio Reinforcement occurs unpredictably; the ratio varies Produces a high but a brief drop reinforcement High response rates, not pause after enforcement, and very resistant to extinction Car wash receives $10 for every 3 cars washed. Slot machines designed to pay out after an average number of responses but anyone machine may pay out on the first response Interval Schedule Fixed Interval Fixed Interval Schedule Reinforcement occurs after a Psychology Review Responses tend to increase as the time for the next reinforce is You get a monthly paycheck. Rat's behavior is Examples rate of response, employee set of responses; off just after March 7, 2008 [Psychology]
predetermined time has elapsed; the interval is fixed near, but drop off reinforced with a after reinforcement and during interval food pellet when it presses a bar after 20 seconds have elapsed Psychology Review ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PSYCH 1301 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at TAMU Intl..
- Spring '08