ELA Study Guide I. Vocabulary A. SAT Vocabulary 1. SAT Vocabulary Lesson 1 ● Aberration-not usual or out of the ordinary (noun) ● Abstract-a summary (noun or adjective) ● Abstinence-the giving up of certain pleasures; to refrain from (noun) ● Acquiesce-surrender to, accede (verb) ● Acclaim-to applaud or cheer (noun) ● Admonished-to warn (verb) ● Affinity-strong liking (verb) ● Aesthetic-artistic, attractive (adjective) ● Aggrandizement-growth in rank, wealth, power (noun) ● Advocate-to support (noun or verb) 2. SAT Vocabulary Lesson 2 ● Alienate-separate (verb) ● Alleviate-to help with (verb) ● Aloof-antisocial (adjective) ● Altruistic- concern for the welfare of others (adjective) ● Ambiguous-not clearly defined (adjective) ● Ambivalence-not being able to make a decision (noun) ● Ameliorate- improve or make better (verb) ● Analogous-similar to (adjective) ● Animosity- secretive or private (noun) 3. SAT Vocabulary Lesson 3 ● Antagonism- hostility;opposition (noun) ● Antithesis- opposite; direct opposite (noun) ● Apocryphal-false; fate; counterfeit (adjective) ● Arduous- difficulty; hard to do (adjective) ● Articulate- clear; able to express one’s self clearly and distinctly (adjective/verb) ● Assuage- satisfy; calm; soothe (verb) ● Atrophy- to weaken (verb) ● Augment- increase (verb) ● Austere- harsh; stern; strict (adjective) ● Authoritarian-one who exerts total control or authority; strict disciplinarian (noun/adjective) B. The Sniper and The Scarlet Ibis Vocabulary ● Doggedness- stubbornness ● Reiterated- repeated before ● Precariously- unsteadily ● Ascetic- laborious ● Beleaguered- besieged ● Parapet- a wall elevation made of earth or stone to protect soldiers
● Paroxysm- an attack or fit ● Fanatic- inspired by a deity ● Remorse- sense of guilt ● Ruse- to dodge or deciere ● Silhouetted- to represent by a silhouette ● Breastwork- a temporary fortification ● Iridescent- rainbow like shimmer ● Mar- physical damage or spoil ● Four Courts- Ireland’s main court buildings ● Liffey- a river in the Republic of Ireland II. Of Mice and Men A. Vocabulary ● Allegory- a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms ● Microcosm- a little world ● Pugnacious- inclined to quarrel or fight readily ● Naive- having or showing unaffected simplicity of nature or absence of artificiality ● Callous- made hard ● Naturalist Writer- writers that write as realistic as they can B. Characters and their Characteristics ● Lennie- A giant migrant worker that suffers from a mental disability.