Pre-clinical Evaluation Study Guide Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing: 1751 Pennsylvania Hospital opens in Philadelphia 1820 Florence Nightingale born 1860 Notes on Nursing published in the United States 1861 Dorothea Dix appointed Superintendent of Female Nurses of the Union Army 1861 Catholic Sisters deliver chloroform anesthesia during American Civil War 1873 Bellevue Hospital Training School and Connecticut Training School founded 1879 Mary Eliza Mahoney, first black graduate nurse, completes training program 1880-1900 Rapid proliferation of hospital nursing schools, from 15 schools to more than 400 1881 Clara Barton and others establish American Red Cross 1893 Nightingale pledge first recited in Detroit 1893 American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses (precursor to National League for Nursing [NLN]) founded at Chicago World's Fair 1900 American Journal of Nursing first published 1901 Nurse Corps becomes permanent (became Army Nurse Corps in 1908) 1903 North Carolina passes first nurse registration law in United States 1908 National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses established 1910 Florence Nightingale dies 1910 Flexner Report criticizes quality of medical education 1912 National Organization of Public Health Nursing founded 1915 Lakeside Hospital School of Anesthesia opens in Cleveland, Ohio 1917 Frank v. South (Kentucky) upholds nursing anesthesia 1918-1919 Influenza epidemic and World War I 1922 Sigma Theta Tau formalized 1923 Goldmark Report criticizes quality of nursing education 1923 Yale School of Nursing becomes first autonomous school of nursing in the United States 1925 Kentucky Committee for Mothers and Babies, precursor to Frontier Nursing Service, founded 1931 American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) founded 1938 Chalmers Frances v. Nelson; practice of nurse anesthesia made legal 1943-1948 U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps supports nursing education to prepare nurses for military 1945 AANA develops and implements Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) certification examination 1946 Hill Burton Act enacted, providing funds to construct hospitals 1947 Army-Navy Nurse Act secures commission status for military nurses 1950 NLN assumes responsibility for administering first national state board examination 1955 American College of Nurse-Midwives incorporated 1964 Nurse Training Act passed 1965 Medicare legislation enacted 1965 Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP) certification program opens in Colorado 1975 American Nurses Association (ANA) holds ceremony to honor first certified nurses 1979 Nursing Doctorate (ND), first clinical doctorate program, established at Case Western Reserve University 1984 All states recognize nurse- midwifery 1985 American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) founded 1995 National
Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists formed 2004 American Association of Colleges of Nursing recommends that all advanced practice nurses earn Doctorate in Nursing Practice (DNP) Components of APN: Primary criteria – graduate education, certification, practice focused on patient/family Roles of APN - NP, CNS, CNMW, CRNA
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- Winter '17