IHP 420 Milestone Three.docx - RUNNING HEAD MILESTONE THREE...

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RUNNING HEAD: MILESTONE THREE: BIOETHICS 1ANGELA WORTHINGTONIHP 420: MILESTONE THREE“BIOETHICS”DECEMBER 8,2018
RUNNING HEAD: MILESTONE THREE: BIOETHICS 2“A treatment may serve the useful purpose of prolonging life, it may not be morally justified if it involves a grave burden. This had been discussed in the President’s Commission forthe Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research. The right to accept or reject medical treatment is each person’s fundamental right. While the criteria for death vary.” [Fre16] In February 1990, twenty-six-year-old Theresa “Terri” Schiavo was found unconscious in her home with no signs of life. Emergency medical professionals arrived and began resuscitation. Terri was then transported to the nearest hospital where she was diagnosed with cardiac arrest associated with critical hypokalemia, low potassium level. Professionals believed that this onset by an eating disorder. During cardiac arrest Terri lost oxygen to her brainfor more than five minutes which was a prolonged period for the brain to be without oxygen. Two of the attending physicians on the case evaluated Terri and diagnosed her as being in a permanent vegetative state (PVS). Characteristics of this permanent vegetative state (PVS) detail that a patient may appear to have a normal level of consciousness and alertness but is truly in a deep state of unconsciousness. Permanent vegetative state (PVS) is an irreversible brain condition. With this condition, Terri was able to breath on her own but required a feeding tube for nutrition and hydration. Her husband, Michael Schiavo was awarded legal guardianship over Terri by the state of Florida. In the four years proceeding Terri’s cardiac arrest, she had received extensive therapy tohelp improvement her condition. When the therapy did not demonstrate any signs of progress, the physicians attending to Terri’s medical condition informed Michael that Terri would never make a recovery. In 1998, Michael Schiavo, Terri’s legal guardian and a husband petitioned

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