Chapter 1.docx - Chapter 1 Word 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Parts \u2013algia \u2013 pain suffering dys bad difficult or painful \u2013ectomy \u2013 surgical removal cutting

Chapter 1.docx - Chapter 1 Word 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Parts...

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Chapter 1 Word Parts 1. –algia – pain, suffering 2. dys- bad, difficult, or painful 3. –ectomy – surgical removal, cutting out 4. hyper- excessive, increased 5. hypo- deficient, decreased 6. –itis – inflammation 7. –osis – abnormal condition, disease 8. –ostommy – the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface 9. –otomy – cutting, surgical incision 10. –plasty – surgical repair 11. –rrhage – bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge 12. –rrhaphy – surgical suturing 13. –rrhea - flow, discharge 14. –rrhexis -rupture 15. –sclerosis – abnormal hardening Medical Terms 1. Abdominocentesis – the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes 2. Acronym – a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term 3. Acute - a condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration 4. Angiography- the process of producing a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the blood vessels visible 5. Appendectomy- surgical removal of the appendix 6. Arteriosclerosis - abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries 7. Arthralgia – pain in a joint or joints 8. Colostomy - the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface 9. Cyanosis – blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood 10. Dermatologist – a physician who specializes in the diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin 11. Diagnosis - the identification of a disease 12. Diarrhea – the frequent flow of loose or watery stools 13. Edema - swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues 14. Endarterial - pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery 15. Eponym - a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
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16. Erythrocyte – A mature red blood cell 17. Fissure - a groove or crack like sore of the skin; also a normal fold in the contours of the brain 18. Fistula – an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body 19. Gastralgia- pain in the stomach 20. Gastritis - inflammation of the stomach 21. Gastroenteritis - inflammation of the stomach and small intestine 22. Gastrosis - any abnormal condition or disease of the stomach 23. Hemorrhage - the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time 24. Hepatomegaly - abnormal enlargement of the liver 25. Hypertension - higher than normal blood pressure 26. Hypotension - lower than normal blood pressure 27. Infection
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