100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.
Chapter 4 Major Structures Related Combining Forms Primary functions Muscles Muscul/oMy/oMyos/oMake body movementpossible, hold body erect, move body fluids, and produce body heat Fascia Fascl/oCover, Support, and Separate muscles TendonsTen/oTend/oTendin/oAttach muscles to bones Word Parts Bi- twice, double, two -cele hernia, tumor, swelling dys- bad, difficult, or painful fasci/o fascia, fibrious band fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber -ia abnormal condition, disease, plural of –ium -ic pertaining to kines/o, kinesi/o – movement my/o – muscle -plegia- paralysis, stroke -rrhexis- rupture tax/o- coordination, order ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o- tendon, stretch out, extend, strain ton/o- tone, stretching, tension tri- three Medical Terms Abduction- movement of a limb away from the midline of the body Adduction- movement of a limb toward the midline of the body Adhesion- a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures togetherabnormally Ataxia- the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement Atonic – lacking normal muscle tone or strength Atrophy- weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures Bradykinesia- extreme slowness in movement
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome- inflammation and swelling of the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel, which then create pressure on the median nerve. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome- a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and may be made worse by physical or mental activity Circumduction- the circular movement at the far end of a limb Contracture- the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with non-elastic fibrous tissues. Dorsiflexion- movement that bends the foot upward at the ankleDyskinesia- distortion or impairment of voluntary movement resulting in fragmented or jerky motions Dystonia- a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement Electromyography- a diagnostic test that measures the electricalactivity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation. Epicondylitis- inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow Ergonomics- the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment. Exercise Physiologist- a specialist who works under a physician’ssupervision to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness Fasciitis- inflammation of fascia Fibromyalgia- a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue; diffuse or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain; and a wide range of other symptoms.