Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 Major Structures Muscles Related Combining Forms Muscul\/o My\/o Myos\/o Fascia Fascl\/o Tendons Ten\/o Tend\/o Tendin\/o Word

Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 Major Structures Muscles Related...

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Chapter 4 Major Structures Related Combining Forms Primary functions Muscles Muscul/o My/o Myos/o Make body movement possible, hold body erect, move body fluids, and produce body heat Fascia Fascl/o Cover, Support, and Separate muscles Tendons Ten/o Tend/o Tendin/o Attach muscles to bones Word Parts Bi - twice, double, two -cele hernia, tumor, swelling dys- bad, difficult, or painful fasci/o fascia, fibrious band fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber -ia abnormal condition, disease, plural of –ium -ic pertaining to kines/o, kinesi/o – movement my/o – muscle -plegia - paralysis, stroke -rrhexis - rupture tax/o - coordination, order ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o - tendon, stretch out, extend, strain ton/o- tone, stretching, tension tri - three Medical Terms Abduction- movement of a limb away from the midline of the body Adduction- movement of a limb toward the midline of the body Adhesion- a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally Ataxia- the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement Atonic – lacking normal muscle tone or strength Atrophy- weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures Bradykinesia- extreme slowness in movement
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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome- inflammation and swelling of the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel, which then create pressure on the median nerve. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome- a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and may be made worse by physical or mental activity Circumduction- the circular movement at the far end of a limb Contracture- the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with non-elastic fibrous tissues. Dorsiflexion- movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle Dyskinesia- distortion or impairment of voluntary movement resulting in fragmented or jerky motions Dystonia- a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement Electromyography- a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation. Epicondylitis - inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow Ergonomics- the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment. Exercise Physiologist- a specialist who works under a physician’s supervision to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness Fasciitis- inflammation of fascia Fibromyalgia- a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue; diffuse or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain; and a wide range of other symptoms.
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