chapter-05.pdf - Chapter 5 Tables and Figures Tables and figures are an integral part of a well-written scientific paper The bulk of the detailed

chapter-05.pdf - Chapter 5 Tables and Figures Tables and...

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Copyright © ASA–CSSA–SSSA, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711, USA. Publications Handbook and Style Manual . 5-1 Chapter 5. Tables and Figures Tables and figures are an integral part of a well-written scientific paper. The bulk of the detailed information in a paper is typically presented in its tables. Many of the descriptions and basic concepts, key natural trends, key discoveries, and some of the conclusions are presented in figures. As you prepare your article, consider whether a figure or a table is more appropriate. • If the text is crowded with detail, especially quantitative detail, consider creating a table. Do not overload the text with information that could be presented better in a table. • Consolidate similar information into one table to let the reader compare easily so that the reader does not have to search for related information. • If a table has only a few rows and columns, try stating the findings in a few sen - tences. Information in small tables can often be presented better in the text. • Decide whether a difficult prose explanation could be better described with a figure. • Does your figure show more than could be said in a few well-chosen words? A figure is not always better. Both tables and figures are used to support conclusions or illustrate concepts, but they have essential differences in purpose. Tables present numbers for comparison with other numbers or summarize or define concepts, terms, or other details of a study. Graphs reveal trends or delineate selected features. Sometimes the two purposes overlap, but they rarely substitute for one another. Data presented in tables should not be duplicated in graphs, and vice versa. Readers often study tables and figures before they read the text. Therefore, each table and figure should stand alone, complete and informative in itself. TABLES Tables are often used for reporting extensive numerical data in an organized manner. They should be self-explanatory. Number the tables in the order in which they are cited in the text. Guidelines for Preparing Tables Follow these guidelines to ensure that your tables will be prepared efficiently and accurately for typesetting, with little chance of introduced errors. • Always use Microsoft Word's table feature when creating a table. That is, the table that you create should have defined cells. DO NOT create tables by using the space bar and/or tab keys. Do not submit tables in Microsoft Excel. • Do not use the enter key within the body of the table. Instead, separate data hori - zontally with a new row. • Do not insert blank columns or rows. • Asterisks or letters next to values indicating statistical significance should appear in the same cell as the value, not an adjacent cell (i.e., they should not have their own column).
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  • Fall '17
  • Angelic Verzaro
  • pH, The Table, Row

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