Ethical Issues C801 Task 2.pptx - Ethical Issues Chidimma Ughanze Student ID 000728406 Health Information Law and Regulations-C801 DHP Task 2 Brush up

Ethical Issues C801 Task 2.pptx - Ethical Issues Chidimma...

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Unformatted text preview: Ethical Issues Chidimma Ughanze Student ID: 000728406 Health Information Law and Regulations-C801 DHP Task 2 Brush up your Ethics!!!! The study of ethics can lead one to develop skills to articulate their values, to give reason to your actions, and gives you the means of questioning the values of others. What is Ethics? Ethics is defined as a moral principle that governs a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity (Oxford Dictionaries, 2018). General Code of Ethics. Codes of Ethics are a written list of a profession’s values and standards of conduct. Ethical codes of professional associations define the ethical and moral standards of the profession. These morals and ethical standards are used to guide professionals along the principles set by the organization, therefore governing their conduct. General Ethical challenges 1. Conflict of interest Clashes between an individual’s selfinterest and their obligation to a group or organization 2. Impaired Colleagues Individuals that impede business performance, pose safety risks to fellow workers and the organization, and engage in unethical and sometimes illegal conduct. 3. Disparagement Individuals that belittle or criticize the skills, knowledge, or qualifications of other professionals. * To combat these challenges organization, rely on honesty and dependability for exemplary individuals to help resolve issues and implement procedures to negate issues from reoccurring. * Ethical Decision-Making process 9.Examine how to prevent the issue from recurring 8. Evaluate the outcome of the decision 7. Implement the decision 1. Clearly define the issue 2. Determine the facts of the situation STEPS IN ETHICAL DECISIO N MAKING 6. Justify the decision 5. Make a decision 3. Determine the Stakeholde rs 4. Determine and evaluate available options AHIMA Code of Ethics The These purpose guidelines of the AHIMA reflect Code AHIMA of Ethicscommitment is to demonstrate to uphold actions HIMthat reflect professional values, values ethical and principles, emboldens and them ethical toguidelines. act ethically. Code of Ethical Principles (AHIMA, 2011) 1. Advocate, uphold, and defend the individual's right to privacy and the doctrine of confidentiality in the use and disclosure of information. 4. Refuse to participate in or conceal unethical practices or procedures and report such practices. 2. Put service and the health and welfare of persons before selfinterest and conduct oneself in the practice of the profession so as to bring honor to oneself, their peers, and to the health information management profession. 5. Advance health information management knowledge and practice through continuing education, research, publications, and presentations. 8. Perform honorably health information management association responsibilities, either appointed or elected, and preserve the confidentiality of any privileged information made known in any official capacity. 3. Preserve, protect, and secure personal health information in any form or medium and hold in the highest regards health information and other information of a confidential nature obtained in an official capacity, taking into account the applicable statutes and regulations. 6. Recruit and mentor students, peers and colleagues to develop and strengthen professional workforce. 9. State truthfully and accurately one’s credentials, professional education, and experiences. 7. Represent the profession to the public in a positive manner. 10 Facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration in situations supporting health information practice. 11. Respect the inherent dignity and worth of every person. Health Information Management (HIM) Ethical Values. 1 HIM professional aims to promote a higher level of responsibility in the knowledge you have and choices you make. It is a guideline that assists in ethical decision making when faced with moral dilemmas. 2 These moral dilemmas may come in a form of ensuring the right people have access to patient records and ensuring the safety, privacy and confidentiality of a patient’s records. HIM professio n and ethical Challenge s PrivacyBreaches Concerns Security Accuracy Issues Privacy Concerns At the core of HIM professionals the protection of patient privacy and confidentiality has been a long standing ethical obligation. HIM professions have seen a growing challenge towards monitoring access to sensitive patient information. 01 The temptation for excess access into the records of a patient of interest is inevitable due to natural human curiosity. With the introduction of computers, the ability to easily access a patient by a facility staff is therefore tempting and poses a challenge for HIM professionals in trying to protect patient’s privacy and confidentiality. Privacy Concerns Addressed To combat this issue, HIM professionals must use the code of ethics by AHIMA. HIM professional must adhere to principle III of the AHIMA code of ethics to “preserve, protect, and secure personal health information in any form or medium and hold in the highest regards health information and other information of a confidential nature obtained in an official capacity, considering the applicable statutes and regulations” (Oachs, 2016). They must take practical steps to make certain that health information is kept securely and that patient date is not accessible to other who are not authorized to have access to it. They must also avert inappropriate release of patient data. 1 EHR/EMR systems are increasingly being implemented in many healthcare facilities because it improves the quality of health care and it is also cost-effective due to its digital nature. 2 The hazards introduced with the implantation of technology into the health filed is the safety of data information. 3 In recent news, frequent security breaches have obstructed the increased enthusiasm in adopted EHR/EMR systems for many healthcare organizations. Security Breaches Issues Security Breaches Addressed HIM professional must adhere to principle I of the AHIMA code of ethics to “Advocate, uphold, and defend the individual's right to privacy and the doctrine of confidentiality in the use and disclosure of information”(Oachs, 2016). HIM professional must promote policy changes to safeguard patient privacy and confidentiality, and security compliance. They must protect confidential patient data and disclose only information that is pertinent and Accuracy Issues EHR’s serve to improve patient’s safety by reducing healthcare documentation errors, reduce health disparities and improves the health of the public, however concerns are rising about the accuracy and reliability of data entered into the EHR system. Although HIM professions can provide valuable data to improve patient care, inaccurate information can potentially harm patients. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in November 2011, 1 in 10 outpatient cases reported computerized prescription errors. In an analysis of 3,850 prescriptions over the course of 4-week, researchers found 452 errors and 33% of these mistakes could have produces adverse drug reaction (Williams, 2018). Accuracy Issues Addressed HIM professional must adhere to principle I of the AHIMA code of ethics to “Advance health information management knowledge and practice through continuing education, research, publications, and presentations.” ”(Oachs, 2016). They must take judicious steps to provide ongoing learning tools for staff development. They must also address existing facts and developing advances related to HIM practice and ethics. Discussion Questions 1. In the Healthcare field, what are the legal ramification the stems from the mishandling of certain ethical situations, such as the mishandling HIPPA privacy rule on a patient’s information? 2. How has the implementation of EHR/EMR systems impacted AHIMA ethical code? 3. How has AHIMA code of ethical principles influenced HIM decision making when it comes to ensuring the safety, privacy and confidentiality of a patient’s records? References AHIMA. (2011, 10 2). AHIMA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from AHIMA: Oachs, P. a. (2016). Health information management: Concepts, principles, and practice . Chicago: AHIMA. Oxford Dictionaries. (2018). Ethics. Retrieved from Oxford Dictionaries: Williams, T. (2018). Ethical Challenges in the Management of Health Information. Retrieved from Chron: ...
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  • Fall '18
  • Rebecca Scutro
  • Ethics, AHIMA

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