Final exam study guide.docx - Final Exam Study Guide John...

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Final Exam Study Guide John Quincy Adams 6 th President Strong view of federal power Activist National State Federal govt. as patron Focused on internal improvements Died on the house floor Monroe's Sec. of State Andrew Jackson 7 th President Man of contradictions Less educated but more practical and eloquent in public statements Believer in majority rule Ignorant about the native Americans African-Americans either remain in slavery or sent back to Africa Featured on 20 dollar bill General in the battle of New Orleans, national hero States rights supporter Common man's hero Replaced govt employees with his own supporters Henry Clay K Martin Van Buren Senator from New York Little Magician- introduced mudslinging and patronage Democratic party is born due to him and Jackson Jackson's largest supporter
Election of 1824 Corrupt Bargain Jackson won popular vote, no clear winner, vote goes to the House of Reps Henry Clay supports Adams as the Speaker of House in return for the appointment as Sec. Of State, hence corrupt bargain Founding Democratic Party Van Buren and Jackson Belief of offering opportunity to all white males and rewarding party loyalty Election of 1828 Very scandalous election Adam supporters accused Jackson of murdering army deserters and men in duels Jackson supporters accused Adams for having a series of mistresses while being a diplomat in Europe Jackson won Rachel Jackson Jackson's wife Opponents questioned her morality for marrying Jackson before getting divorce from ex-husband Died shortly after Jackson's win Jackson thought she was murdered by his opponents mainly Henry Clay The Great Triumvirate Clay, Webster, Calhoun Politics under the 2 nd party system Very active and important statesmen in the first half of 19 th century Nullification Crisis John C. Calhoun developed a doctrine of nullification Gave the State right to nullify a federal law if considered unconstitutional Congress imposing taxes on Southerners while protecting Northerners Jackson opposed Calhoun, who resigned as his Vice President 2
South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union Jackson compromised through Tariff of 1832 which pleased some Southerners The Kitchen Cabinet Jackson administration Collection of unofficial advisors Van Buren, John Eaton, newspapermen The Bank War Jackson vs. Nicholas Biddle (Last President of 2 nd US Bank) Jackson calls the bank "monster" Specie Precious metals vs. Paper money Backs up paper money Indian Removal Act 1830 Forced relocation of American tribes Removal of Southern tribes to West of Mississippi River In exchange of land Protested by Christian Missionaries Trail of Tears Cherokee nation's journey as part of the Indian Removal Forced to give up their lands and move Devastation caused by it William Henry Harrison 9 th President Runs against Van Buren in 1840 Whig party unified for the 1 st time Longest inaugural address (2 hours) Served only 30 days First President to die in office 3

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