I. Imperialism A. Definition: (pn 599) _the domination by a powerful nation over the political, economic, and cultural affairs of another nation or region. B: Dates: 1870-early 1900s. II. Motives of Imperialism (Causes/Reasons) A. Self Sufficiency (pn 599) 1. Need for materials: increased industrial production spurred the demand for raw materials such iron and coal. 2. Concern about war: governments didn’t want to depend on others from steel, rubber…bc if a war broke out they would be dependent on an potential enemy for supplies 3. Best Solution: don’t be dependent on others, instead take control of the regions that had the resources they needed. 4. Summary of Self Sufficiency: (why did this make them want imperial lands) : They didn’t want to need any resources from others but rather control and own everything they needed to be self sufficient. This meant taking imperial control. B. Need for New Markets (pn 600) 1. Profit: Their factories needed to produce large quantities of goods to realize a profit. 2. Non-industrialized regions: people in these regions were aware of the new products and if they had access to them they would buy them. 3. Advocates: wrote articles etc about how if natives would wear shirts/ties then European and American factories would be busy to provide these items. C. Nationalism (pn 600) 1. Define:love of one’s country 2. Benefits of colonies:.having colonies added to the nations strength and prestige 3. Longtime colonial Powers: GB, France, Netherlands 4. Troops: colonies would provide more possible soldiers 5. Summary: (why did this make them want imperial lands) Having imperial control made them strong and powerful and provided more possible soldiers….and they were competitive with other countries and wanted to do better than them.