Unit 1 Study Guide Four main goals in nursing o Promote heath o Prevent illness o Treat human responses to health/illness o Advocate for patients, families, communities, and populations Ethical Principles o Autonomy o Beneficence o Fidelity o Justice o Non-maleficence o Advocacy Keep them safe Communicate their needs o Responsibility o Accountability o Confidentiality Core Nursing Values o Respect o Unity o Diversity o Integrity o Excellence Prevention o Primary Prevent problems o Secondary Early diagnosis o Tertiary Treating issue Purpose of Health Assessment o Gathering a baseline information Includes Health history Physical assessment o Gain insight into condition o Identify identification status Nursing Process o Assess Problem solving approach
Collecting data Determine health status o Diagnose Cluster data to make judgment o Plan Goals and outcomes Care o Intervene/implement Education, supervision, coordination o Evaluate Critical Thinking o Entails purposeful outcome directed thinking Diagnostic reasoning o Based on nurse’s critical thinking o Nurses draw inferences or ideas about what the issue is Common types of assessments o Emergency ABCDE o Comprehensive Annually on outpatient basis o Focused assessment Based on patients’ issues Prioritize o Life threatening ABCs o Risk for human violence o Patient concerns o Time consuming Subjective o Feelings presented by the patients Objective o Measurable Documentation o Legal o Communicate w others Frameworks o Functional Collecting subjective data Activity & exercise Functional patterns Head-to-toe Physical exam
Most organized Body systems Critical thinking PES o Problem Nursing diagnosis o Etiology (cause) Related to o Signs & symptoms Outcomes o Detailed and exact o Measurable By one of five senses o Patient centered Nursing Diagnosis o Syndrome o Wellness o Risk Therapeutic communication o Technique used to establish relationship between patient and nurse o Client focused o Promote client growth o Phases: Pre-orientation Obtain info Orientation Create trust Explore feelings/beliefs Working Maintain trust Promote insight Work towards goals Termination Provides closure Plan of action Non-verbal communication o Tone of voice o Hand and body movements o Facial expressions o Posture o 90% of communication Self-awareness
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- Fall '18
- Linda Shroyer
- acute pain, Droplet, Contact