What is “Organic”?●Simply consisting of Carbon–Often accompanied by Hydrogen●Why? –Remember, Carbon needs 4 electrons and hydrogen only needs one. Hydrogen will often fill in the gaps. –Organic Agriculture comes from the chemical organic definition ●Only carbon based fertilizers and such can be used.
Types of Organic Molecules●Carbohydrates●Lipids●Proteins●Nucleic Acids
Units of Measurement●Monomer–One, single organic molecule●Diomer–Two organic molecules●Oligomer–3-100 organic molecules●Polymer–> 100 organic molecules
Dehydration Synthesis●“Creation by the removal of water”●Always deals with an “OH” and a “H”, which results in H2O
Carbohydrates●“Hydrated Carbon”●Monomers are “monosaccharides”●Two groups–Simple Sugars ●Monosaccharides (1:2:1 ratio for C,H,O) ●Disaccharides●Oligosaccharides–Complex Sugars (Starches, Fibers, etc)●Polysaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis with two Monosaccharides becoming one