Organic Chemistry_GP.pdf - Organic Chemistry What is \u201cOrganic\u201d \u25cf Simply consisting of Carbon \u2013 Often accompanied by Hydrogen \u25cf Why \u2013 \u2013

Organic Chemistry_GP.pdf - Organic Chemistry What is...

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Organic Chemistry
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What is “Organic”?Simply consisting of CarbonOften accompanied by HydrogenWhy? Remember, Carbon needs 4 electrons and hydrogen only needs one. Hydrogen will often fill in the gaps. Organic Agriculture comes from the chemical organic definition Only carbon based fertilizers and such can be used.
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Types of Organic MoleculesCarbohydratesLipidsProteinsNucleic Acids
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Units of MeasurementMonomerOne, single organic moleculeDiomerTwo organic moleculesOligomer3-100 organic moleculesPolymer> 100 organic molecules
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Dehydration Synthesis“Creation by the removal of water”Always deals with an “OH” and a “H”, which results in H2O
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Carbohydrates“Hydrated Carbon”Monomers are “monosaccharides”Two groupsSimple Sugars Monosaccharides (1:2:1 ratio for C,H,O) DisaccharidesOligosaccharidesComplex Sugars (Starches, Fibers, etc)Polysaccharides
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Dehydration Synthesis with two Monosaccharides becoming one
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