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QUESTION 1Essentially panopticon is about having maximum supervision, but with minimal effort. Initially, the idea was that created discipline, through fear where people act as if someone was watching them whether they were being watched or not. It is more like a coercive power, that forces individuals into doing things as well as the act in certain ways, while oriented to the idea that they are on a constant judgment and scrutiny. In life, we all wish to have freedom, but the freedom is enclosed within some form of the monitoring system. However, there are always some external forces more powerful than our own conscience that monitors what we do, what our community does, and what our parents do in regard to maintaining peace and order. In every community, surveillance is exercised to ensure fairness, and justice is exercised. This form of surveillance brings about the idea of “Panopticism”. Panopticism may be referred to as a functional mechanism that improves the exercise of power by making, it more rapid, lighter, and more effective. The idea of “Panopticism” was brought about by a great known philosopher Michael Foucault. He argues that societies follow without being monitored because there is a sense of active authority around them even when there is nobody around them. So, the big question is how do prisons resemble factories, schools, barracks, hospitals?The idea is that with a panopticon, having a prison with the only field of visibility is the central tower, where the idea that there is a guard inside the tower watching the prisoners at all time, the prisoner will always think there is surveillance, even if no one is in the tower. With the presence of authority around, one will follow the rules, even if no one is asserting it. This translates to life every day, there is a “tower” that watches society to keep it under control. It putsa fear into people for the backlash they could get if they do not follow the rules and go against the norm. It helps control society to keep doing everything they should be doing, and not step out
of line. Rarely will people break free from the tower, because of the fear of consequences that could occur after. Whether it will be an external punishment like the fear of going to prison, or an