Chapter Three.ppt - Chapter Three Building Use and...

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Chapter Three Building Use and Occupancy 1 Copyright ©2015 David Diamantes
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2 Learning Objectives Recognize and Describe the classification used by model building codes that group buildings by use and occupancy classifications Explain how model codes address multiple or mixed uses within a single building Explain the need for special occupancy requirements in some buildings Explain the fire official’s responsibility in illegal changes in use
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3 Building Use Group Most significant factor that affects the design of a building. What is the building’s primary use Should be the first consideration during an inspection Specific use or occupancies have inherent hazards Is the current use of the building consistent with the “Use Group” design that was used during the construction phase? Historically, changes in building’s usage or occupancy has resulted in significant loss of lives and extreme fire hazards.
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Bucharest Romania ch?v=AFMzD-Sk4Fk Copyright ©2015 David Diamantes 4
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Bucharest Romania Originally a Warehouse/Storage occupancy converted into a public assembly nightclub: Building was sub divided into a multi use occupancy No fire or life hazard considerations Resulted in only one means of egress Pyro-Technic effects ignited combustible interior finishes No firepProtection systems 27 fatalities
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  • Fall '17
  • David Diamantes

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