Unit 5 Vocabulary Chapters 16-19Marisa & ClaytonAntebellum South Def:Also known as the Plantation Era. This was the era of Southern culture before the Civil War.The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War of 1812, although some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in 1789 to the beginning of the Civil War. It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery.Sig:Displayed the divide between the North and the South. Showed the difference of ideas that the North and South had on certaintopics such as slavery and expansion. Also displayed manifest destiny on the South end.“King Cotton”Def:This was a slogan used by the south to show how much power cotton had in the world. This was because Britain imported tons of the cotton produced, which gave the south the feeling of power. This showed the importance of cotton to Southern Society.Sig:Allowed the South to have some power over the North and Britain because they reliedon the production of cotton so heavily. Also this lead to an increase of slavery in the South for cotton production.DeBow’s ReviewDef:Southern journal founded in 1846 which was dedicated to trade, commerce, and manufacturing and which called for greater economic independence in the South throughthe diversification of agriculture, the development of industry, and an improved transportation system.Sig:Convinced many Southerners to join the succession.
“Cavalier” ImageDef:This was the image southerners believed themselves to be based on, such as traditional values of chivalry, leisure, and elegance. Sig:Contributed to southern failure to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy.“Slavocracy”Def:A term the North used to describe the slaveholding South and its schemes to gain more slave land.Sig:Promoted the idea of the North that the South was wrong, therefore also promoting the idea of sectionalism between the North and the South.Greek-Revival StyleDef:A style inspired by the contemporary Greek independence movement, this building style was popular between 1820 and 1850, imitated ancient Greek structural forms in search of a democratic architectural vernacular.Sig:Showed the influence of other cultures on America, in a way kind of showing that america was growing. “Southern Belle”Def:The ideal southern woman. A young woman of the American Old South's upper class. Probably the wife of a wealthy man, known for being quiet and polite and entertaining suitors. Sig:Showed the Southern woman’s role, ideally.Yeoman Def: Pioneered the southern wilderness, moving into undeveloped regions and buildinglog cabins. After War of 1812, they moved down the southern Appalachians into new Gulf lands, first as herders and then as farmers.These were small landowners (the majority of white families in the south), who farmed their own land and usually did not ownslaves.