SO1050 Week 1 pretest.docx - Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points In researchers use existing material and analyze data that were originally collected by

SO1050 Week 1 pretest.docx - Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5...

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Unformatted text preview: Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points In __________, researchers use existing material and analyze data that were originally collected by others. Selected Answer: a. secondary analysis Question 2 2.5 out of 2.5 points Sociologists understand that there are multiple causes and effects of social issues. Selected Answer: a. True Question 3 2.5 out of 2.5 points The first step in the “conventional” research model is to __________. Selected Answer: a. select and define the problem Question 4 2.5 out of 2.5 points The cultural heritage or identity of a group, based on factors such as language or country of origin, is termed __________. Selected Answer: d. ethnicity Question 5 2.5 out of 2.5 points With __________ research, the goal is scientific objectivity, and the focus is on data that can be measured numerically. Selected Answer: b. quantitative Question 6 0 out of 2.5 points Sociologists are in agreement that sociological research can and should be value free. Selected Answer: b. True Question 7 2.5 out of 2.5 points __________ provide ideals of beliefs about behavior but do not state explicitly how we should behave; __________ are established rules of behavior or standards for conduct. Selected Answer: d. Values; norms Question 8 2.5 out of 2.5 points Values are standards that provide criteria by which we evaluate people, objects, and events. They also dictate which behaviors are appropriate and which ones are not. Selected Answer: b. False Question 9 2.5 out of 2.5 points In all societies, certain core values frequently contradict with other values also considered important. Selected Answer: a. True Question 10 0 out of 2.5 points Even though the specifics of individual cultures vary widely, all cultures have four common nonmaterial cultural components: symbols, language, values, and norms. Selected Answer: b. False Question 11 2.5 out of 2.5 points Which of the following would best be described as an ethnic subculture? Selected Answer: d. African Americans Question 12 2.5 out of 2.5 points Language may be a source of power and social control; language perpetuates inequalities between people and between groups because words are used to “keep people in their place.” Selected Answer: a. True Question 13 2.5 out of 2.5 points __________ are rewards for appropriate behavior or penalties for inappropriate behavior. Selected Answer: a. Sanctions Question 14 2.5 out of 2.5 points __________ are values that conflict with one another or are mutually exclusive, meaning that achieving one makes it difficult, if not impossible, to achieve another. Selected Answer: b. Value contradictions Question 15 2.5 out of 2.5 points A young woman decides that she wants to become a professional basketball player. She joins her school basketball team, reads articles about the best basketball players, and attends basketball camps. This is an example of __________. Selected Answer: b. anticipatory socialization Question 16 2.5 out of 2.5 points The term __________ refers to the belief that the behaviors and customs of any society must be viewed and analyzed by the culture’s own standards. Selected Answer: d. cultural relativism Question 17 0 out of 2.5 points Throughout childhood and adolescence, boys and girls typically are assigned different household chores and given different privileges (such as how late they may stay out at night). This is an example of __________. Selected Answer: d. cultural acquisition Question 18 2.5 out of 2.5 points Schools have become more important socialization instruments as the number of one-parent families and families in which both parents work outside the home has increased. Selected Answer: a. True Question 19 0 out of 2.5 points According to sociologists, there is no such thing as “peer pressure.” Selected Answer: b. False Question 20 2.5 out of 2.5 points During which life stage is socialization the most important? Selected Answer: c. childhood ...
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