SO1050 Week 1 test.docx - Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points Because they have less of an investment in the existing dominant culture young people are

SO1050 Week 1 test.docx - Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points...

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Unformatted text preview: Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points Because they have less of an investment in the existing dominant culture, young people are more likely than older people to join countercultures. Selected Answer: a. True Question 2 2.5 out of 2.5 points Sociologists use the term __________ for the practice of judging all other cultures by one’s own culture, assuming that one’s own way of life is superior to all others. Selected Answer: d. ethnocentrism Question 3 2.5 out of 2.5 points Not all norms are of equal importance; __________ are written down and involve specific punishments for violators. Laws are the most common type; they have been codified and may be enforced by sanctions. Selected Answer: d. formal norms Question 4 2.5 out of 2.5 points Theft, assault, and drug dealing are all violations of __________. Selected Answer: d. criminal law Question 5 2.5 out of 2.5 points People in the same subculture generally live in the same geographical area. Selected Answer: b. False Question 6 2.5 out of 2.5 points Why is socialization such an important process for human beings? Selected Answer: d. Achieving full human potential requires interaction with others. Question 7 2.5 out of 2.5 points When formal, standardized norms are enacted by legislatures and are enforced by formal sanctions, they are termed __________. Selected Answer: c. laws Question 8 2.5 out of 2.5 points The cases of Anna and Genie are presented in the text in order to illustrate the point that_____________________________. Selected Answer: a. socialization is essential for normal human development Question 9 2.5 out of 2.5 points Sociologists use the term __________ for the specific messages and practices that teach what it means to be female or male in a specific group or society. Selected Answer: b. gender socialization Question 10 2.5 out of 2.5 points There are different patterns of socialization that are correlated with families of different social classes. Selected Answer: a. True Question 11 2.5 out of 2.5 points Brenda gives generously to a number of local charities; however, she also strongly believes in the value of hard work and “earning your own keep.” Sociologists would characterize Brenda’s thinking as a __________. Selected Answer: d. value contradiction Question 12 2.5 out of 2.5 points The significant difference between childhood socialization and adult socialization is that ____________________________. Selected Answer: c. adult socialization involves greater freedom of choice than does childhood socialization Question 13 2.5 out of 2.5 points People may claim to be law-abiding yet still engage in behaviors that are illegal. This behavior is an example of_____________ culture, which refers to the values and standards of behavior that people actually follow. Selected Answer: a. real Question 14 2.5 out of 2.5 points Which of these statements about racial socialization is false? Selected d. Answer: Racial attitudes must be taught intentionally, using direct messages. Question 15 2.5 out of 2.5 points A(n) __________ is the method most commonly used to study people’s behavior and beliefs. Selected Answer: a. survey Question 16 2.5 out of 2.5 points According to Mills, the sociological imagination enables one to distinguish between personal troubles that must be solved within the immediate social setting and __________ that affect large numbers of people and often require solutions at the societal level. Selected Answer: d. public issues Question 17 2.5 out of 2.5 points Which of these is not part of the sociological approach to the study of society and social interaction? Selected Answer: a. application of commonsense or everyday understandings Question 18 2.5 out of 2.5 points In __________, researchers use existing material and analyze data that were originally collected by others. Selected Answer: d. secondary analysis Question 19 2.5 out of 2.5 points When studying the problem of suicide, sociologists are most interested in explaining its __________. Selected Answer: c. recurring patterns Question 20 2.5 out of 2.5 points __________is the study of social life in its natural setting: observing and interviewing people where they live, work, and play. Selected Answer: d. Field research ...
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