Unformatted text preview: Question 1 2.5 out of 2.5 points Because they have less of an investment in the existing dominant culture, young
people are more likely than older people to join countercultures.
Answer: a. True
Question 2 2.5 out of 2.5 points Sociologists use the term __________ for the practice of judging all other cultures by
one’s own culture, assuming that one’s own way of life is superior to all others.
Answer: d. ethnocentrism
Question 3 2.5 out of 2.5 points Not all norms are of equal importance; __________ are written down and involve
specific punishments for violators. Laws are the most common type; they have been
codified and may be enforced by sanctions.
Answer: d. formal norms
Question 4 2.5 out of 2.5 points Theft, assault, and drug dealing are all violations of __________.
Answer: d. criminal law
Question 5 2.5 out of 2.5 points People in the same subculture generally live in the same geographical area.
Answer: b. False
Question 6 2.5 out of 2.5 points Why is socialization such an important process for human beings?
Answer: d. Achieving full human potential requires interaction with others.
Question 7 2.5 out of 2.5 points When formal, standardized norms are enacted by legislatures and are enforced by
formal sanctions, they are termed __________.
Answer: c. laws
Question 8 2.5 out of 2.5 points The cases of Anna and Genie are presented in the text in order to illustrate the
Answer: a. socialization is essential for normal human development
Question 9 2.5 out of 2.5 points Sociologists use the term __________ for the specific messages and practices that
teach what it means to be female or male in a specific group or society.
Answer: b. gender socialization
Question 10 2.5 out of 2.5 points There are different patterns of socialization that are correlated with families of
different social classes.
Answer: a. True
Question 11 2.5 out of 2.5 points Brenda gives generously to a number of local charities; however, she also strongly
believes in the value of hard work and “earning your own keep.” Sociologists would
characterize Brenda’s thinking as a __________.
Answer: d. value contradiction
Question 12 2.5 out of 2.5 points The significant difference between childhood socialization and adult socialization is
Answer: c. adult socialization involves greater freedom of choice than does
Question 13 2.5 out of 2.5 points People may claim to be law-abiding yet still engage in behaviors that are illegal. This
behavior is an example of_____________ culture, which refers to the values and
standards of behavior that people actually follow.
Answer: a. real
Question 14 2.5 out of 2.5 points Which of these statements about racial socialization is false?
Selected d. Answer: Racial attitudes must be taught intentionally, using direct messages.
Question 15 2.5 out of 2.5 points A(n) __________ is the method most commonly used to study people’s behavior and
Answer: a. survey
Question 16 2.5 out of 2.5 points According to Mills, the sociological imagination enables one to distinguish between
personal troubles that must be solved within the immediate social setting and
__________ that affect large numbers of people and often require solutions at the
Answer: d. public issues
Question 17 2.5 out of 2.5 points Which of these is not part of the sociological approach to the study of society and
Answer: a. application of commonsense or everyday understandings
Question 18 2.5 out of 2.5 points In __________, researchers use existing material and analyze data that were
originally collected by others.
Answer: d. secondary analysis
Question 19 2.5 out of 2.5 points When studying the problem of suicide, sociologists are most interested in explaining
Answer: c. recurring
Question 20 2.5 out of 2.5 points __________is the study of social life in its natural setting: observing and interviewing
people where they live, work, and play.
Answer: d. Field research ...
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