Chapter15Transparencies - CHAPTER 15 PERSONALITY...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 15 – PERSONALITY PERSONALITY : An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. I – HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON PERSONALITY Freud : Personality (including emotions and motivations) arises from a conflict between aggressive, pleasure-seeking biological impulses and internalized social restraints against them; personality is the result of efforts to resolve this basic conflict—to express basic impulses in ways that bring satisfaction without also bringing guilt or punishment. Psychoanalysis : Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; also, the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. Unconscious : A reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories (contemporary psychologists - information processing of which we are unaware). Free association : A method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing. Deterministic perspective: Nothing is accidental; everything has a cause. Personality structure : Id : The reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives; operates on the pleasure principle seeks immediate gratification. Ego : The largely conscious, “executive” part of personality that mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality; operates on the reality principle - satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain. Superego : The part of personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience ) and future aspirations. Personality development: Psychosexual stages : The childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones (pleasure-centered areas of the body). 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Stage: Pleasure zone Oral (0–18 months): Mouth—sucking, biting, chewing Anal (18–36 months): Anus; bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control Phallic (3–6 years): Genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings Latency (6 to puberty)Dormant sexual feelings Genital (puberty on): Maturation of sexual interests Oedipus complex : A boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. Electra complex : A girl’s sexual desires toward her father and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival mother. Identification : The process by which children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos. Fixation : A lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern