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PrologueTransparencies - PROLOGUE THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY I...

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PROLOGUE- THE STORY OF PSYCHOLOGY I – PRE-SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGY In India , Buddha pondered how sensations and perceptions combine to form ideas. In China , Confucius stressed the powers of ideas and of an educated mind. In ancient Israel , the Hebrew Scriptures linked mind and emotion to the body. Socrates (469–399 B.C.) and Plato – viewed mind separate from body and as continuing after death. Aristotle (Plato’s student) preferred data/observations which suggested that the mind is NOT separate from the body. Augustine (400) pondered mind-body connection. Descartes (1595–1650) agreed with Socrates and Plato about the existence of innate ideas and the mind's being “entirely distinct from the body” and able to survive its death. But then how do mind and body communicate? Bacon (1561–1626) - one of the founders of modern science; recognized biases in human judgments (e.g., expectations influence perception). Locke (1632–1704) – mind is a BLANK SLATE (vs Plato’s and Descartes’ inborn knowledge); Together with Bacon, Locke’s work formed the basis for: Empiricism : The view that: (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment.
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  • Spring '08
  • jackson
  • Psychology, clinical psychologists study, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES Wundt, Industrial/organizational psychologists study, Behavior genetics Psychodynamic, PSYCHOLOGY Basic research

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