Test 1 Review Handout - Compat

Test 1 Review Handout - Compat - PSY 101-001 Exam 1 Review...

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PSY 101-001 Exam 1 Review Prologue 1. Know the pre-scientific thinkers and their views on the origins of knowledge and the relation between  body and mind. a. Buddha, Confucius,  Ancient Hebrews, Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Augustine,  Descartes, Bacon,  Locke (nurture), Kant (nature) b. 2. Foundations (Founders of modern psychology) a. Know the person credited with being the father of psychology, the date and location of the first  laboratory dedicated to study of the mind. (Hint: This was the mentor of Edward Titchener) b. Know the different “schools of thought” in psychology, their founders and be able to explain the  basic premises of these schools. i. Structuralism – Titchener; used introspection as method of exploration ii. Functionalism – William James (Pragmatism is related to this school) (Note: James is  the author of the first textbook on psychology; online PowerPoint for this section  incorrectly attributes this to Wundt) iii. Behaviorism – B.F. Skinner, John Watson iv. Gestalt – Max Vertheimer v. vi. Psychoanalytic – Freud vii. Cognitive – Miller viii. Socio-cultural ix. Evolutionary - Darwin 3. 4. Know psychology’s “big issues” a. Nature vs. Nurture b. Stability vs. Change c. Rationality vs. Irrationality 5. Subfields in Psychology; know what they are and what they are interested in a. Basic vs. Applied research (and what subfields are most closely related to each) b. I/O Psych c. Social Psych / Personality Psych d. Clinical (be able to distinguish between clinical psychology and psychiatry) e. Biopsychology (Cognitive Neuroscience) f. Behavioral Genetics g. Developmental h. Health i. Psychometric j. Experimental k. School l. Counseling m. Forensic
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6. Know the PRTR method of studying – (Preview, Read, Think critically, Review) Chapter 1 1. Be able to define and explain the following concepts: a. Hindsight Bias b. Overconfidence Effect c. Critical Thinking d. The Scientific Method – know the process and be able to define and explain key concepts e. Theory (a good theory should be able to predict and explain behaviors; concept of falsifiablity) f. Hypothesis g. Operational definition h. Replication i. Key concept: Science seeks to identify and understand causation j. Experiment – what factors make a study a true experiment (be able to distinguish between  experimental and quasi-experimental) i. ii. Double-bind procedure (not really required to qualify as an experiment, but this 
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Test 1 Review Handout - Compat - PSY 101-001 Exam 1 Review...

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