Intro to the African Diaspora 1. When the Civil War began, what was Abraham Lincoln’s primary objectives? How did African Americans respond to the outbreak of the Civil War? Does Lincoln deserve credit as “the Great Emancipator”? Why or why not? Lincoln’s goal was to preserve the Union. After the slave states, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, and Arkansas seceded from the Union, Lincoln was determined in preventing the remaining states from joining the Confederacy as well. Black men attempted to join the military but were rejected. Yet still determined, some black men formed their own military, drew up resolutions and appealed for permission to go to war, and attempted to volunteer to motivate slave revolts in the South. My thoughts on why I feel Lincoln is “The Great Emancipator is as stated above if he didn’t pass the proclamation slavery would have went on for several more years. Also there was a great probability that the Union would have lost the war. After he passed the Militia Act of 1862 allowing blacks to serve in the Union Army they played an intricate part of winning the Civil war. Lincoln wasn’t prejudice but he had to play the game of politics to not lose the Republicans vote. 2. Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation and what was its effect and the reaction to it? What did it actually accomplish? What was the nature of the opposition of northern Whites to Blacks? The Emancipation Proclamation was issued to end slavery. It was issued by Abraham Lincoln, which eventually led to the end of the Civil War. However, the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in all states. It banned slavery in all states but the border states. The Emancipation Proclamation ultimately paved the way for the abolition of slavery in the United States. Five months after the Proclamation was passed, African-American troops were granted the right to serve in the armed forces of the U.S. It also aided in helping to prevent the involvement of foreign troops during the Civil War. The preliminary Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on Sept 22, 1862. If the Southern states did not end their rebellion by Jan 1, 1863, Lincoln would put the Proclamation into motion. After the Civil War, Congress created the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery.
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