Ch15 Haitian American.ppt - Transcultural Health Care A Culturally Competent Approach 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care Haitian Americans Larry

Ch15 Haitian American.ppt - Transcultural Health Care A...

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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company Transcultural Health Care Haitian Americans Larry Purnell, PhD, RN, FAAN
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview Haiti shares the Island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Dominican Republic and Haiti have little in common culturally. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere with a per capita income of less than $450.
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview Continued Over 500,000 Haitians live in the United States, with more arriving after the Haitian earthquake in 2010. Their numbers may exceed 1.5 million. Most live in NYC, FL, Boston, Chicago, and CA Most come here for better economic opportunities and political freedom
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview Continued Haitians are a mix of Arawak Indian, Spanish, French, and African Black resulting in sharp class stratification and color consciousness 1791 ended slavery in Haiti
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Communications Languages are primarily Creole (for the poor) and French (wealthier) and English although many speak all three languages Black, mulatto, or white and colors in-between Most Blacks are poor and underprivileged
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview Continued 1980 immigration with the Mariel Boat Lift from Cuba brought first legal and then the Boat People from Haiti. Many had left Haiti to Cuba in previous generations and this group joined in coming to the United States. Resulted in Cuban-Haitian entrant: status pending
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition Overview Continued French model of education with liberal arts, philosophy, classics, and languages—Latin and Greek and de-emphasizes technical and vocational training and the social and physical sciences Educated Haitians are multilingual Only 15% to 20% receive an education—high illiteracy rates
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