Arab Culture 1Lecture 1:-Learning about the Arab culture requires to avoid the “Middle East” expression as it is ageopolitical term that refers to non-Arab countries such as Turkey, Iran etc.-Avoid confusing Muslim World with Arab World as Islam is a wide religion spread over100 countries. Many Arab countries contain people of other religions and many non-Arab countries contain Muslims.-Maghreb/Mashreq, majority of Arabs are Muslims however non-Muslim Arabs are stillsignificant in number. The maghrib divides the left half of Arab countries while Mashreqis the right half.-Learning where Arabic is spoken is important. Many of African countries contain peoplewho speak Arabic however they are considered the minority. It is more than just the 22countries that speak the Arabic language.-It is important to distinguish the countries whom use Arabic as an official language andthose who use the language in their scripts. For example, In Afghanistan, they speakUrdu however the scripture is in Arabic. -The Arab world consists of: Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Lebanon,Palestine, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Sudan, Eriteria, Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia,Oman, UAE, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain.-There are 22 Arab countries with different history and developments. Arab peopleremained dormant under Turkish and foreign occupation for several centuries.