giddens chapter 4 essentials.ppt

giddens chapter 4 essentials.ppt - Chapter 4 Social...

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Chapter 4 Social Interaction and Everyday Life Chapter Anthony Giddens Mitchell Duneier Richard P. Appelbaum
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Study of Daily Life in the Internet Age What Is Microsociology? Microsociology is the study of individual and group interaction Erving Goffman, who pioneered this field of research, argued studying social interaction was important for three reasons: Studying the routine interactions of our social lives can tell us a lot about how our society is organized
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Study of Daily Life in the Internet Age What Is Microsociology? People tend to break routines in creative ways; studying microsocial behavior can tell us about agency and the creative ability of people to shape reality Micro-level interactions can tell us a lot about large social processes and institutions These institutions, like class or gender hierarchies, are reliant upon daily social processes
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Noverbal Communication What Is Nonverbal Communication? The exchange of information and meaning through facial expressions, gestures, and movements of the body are forms of nonverbal communication Context and content are generated by the combination of innate reflexes and culture
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Noverbal Communication Technology and Nonverbal Communication E-mail and telephones seriously limit the context of nonverbal communication Makes phone conversations longer than face-to- face conversations Email requires a lot more words, and disputes are more likely to occur than in person
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The World as a Stage Social Roles and Impression Management Each of us uses impression management to prepare the presentation of our social roles Social roles are socially defined expectations that a person in a given status or social position follows Status is the prestige or social honor accorded to members of a particular group by society To avoid embarrassment, people collaborate with others in daily activities to “save face”
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The World as a Stage Focused and Unfocused Interaction Unfocused interaction takes place whenever individuals exhibit mutual awareness of one another’s presence while not directly interacting Focused interaction occurs when individuals directly attend to what others say and do These interactions are called encounters
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The World as a Stage Audience Segregation Social interaction can be studied as if those involved were actors on a stage ( the dramaturgical model ) Just as in theater, clear distinctions exist between front regions ( the stage ) and back regions ( backstage ) in one’s social life People have multiple roles and therefore multiple selves In order to balance these different versions of self, people often keep distinct boundaries between various aspects of their lives
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