soc giddens 13 essentials.ppt

soc giddens 13 essentials.ppt - Chapter 13 Government...

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Chapter 13 Government, Political Power, and Social Movements Anthony Giddens Mitchell Duneier Richard P. Appelbaum
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Concept of the State What Is Government? Government refers to a political apparatus in which officials enact policies and make decisions Politics refers to the use of power to affect government actions
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Concept of the State What Is Power? Power is the capacity to achieve one’s aims even against the resistance of others; often involves force Authority is a government’s use of legitimate power Democracy is not the only form of legitimate government
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Concept of the State What Is a State? A state comprises a political apparatus (government institutions) including civil service officials, ruling over a territory Authority is backed by a legal system Has capacity to use force to implement policies
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Concept of the State What Is a State? (cont) All modern states have Sovereignty : government has authority over given area Citizenship : people have common rights and duties and are aware of their part in the state Nationalism : sense of being part of a broader political community
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Concept of the State Citizenship Rights Most nation-states became centralized through monarchs who concentrated social power Citizens initially had little or no rights three types of rights are associated with citizenship Civil rights : freedoms and privileges guaranteed by law Political rights : ensure that citizens may participate in politics Social rights : guarantee minimum standards of living Basis for welfare state
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Democracy What Is Democracy?
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