Giddens Chapter 14 essentials.ppt

Giddens Chapter 14 essentials.ppt - Chapter 14 The...

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Chapter 14 The Sociology of the Body: Health and Illness and Sexuality Anthony Giddens Mitchell Duneier Richard P. Appelbaum
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The Sociology of the Body What Is Sociology of the Body? Sociology of the body is the field that studies how the social world affects our bodies and addresses processes of social change Modern social technologies have separated body from nature Example: dieting, which involves planned interventions in bodily functioning
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The Sociology of the Body Eating Disorders Food production in the modern world is globalized, due to technologies of transportation and storage In a sense, everyone in the developed world is on a diet Having to decide what to eat everyday
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The Sociology of the Body Eating Disorders (cont) Anorexia reflects changing views of physical attractiveness in modern society Women especially are judged by physical appearance Feelings of shame about the body can lead anyone to compulsive dieting, exercising, or bodybuilding
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The Sociology of the Body Obesity Epidemic Obesity is considered the top public health problem facing Americans today Most public health experts believe the problem is caused by: Sedentary jobs replacing physical jobs Children are more likely to watch television or play on the computer than play outside Parents, pressed for time, turn to fast food Restaurants provide enormous servings
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The Sociology of the Body Obesity Epidemic (cont) Poor people are particularly affected: Local grocery stores rarely sell fresh or low-cost produce High crime rates and traffic make exercise in parks difficult
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The Sociology of Health and Illness The Sick Role Sociologists are interested in the experience of illness How being sick, chronically ill, or disabled is experienced by sick persons and those nearby The sick role , developed by Talcott Parsons, suggests that a sick person adopts behaviors to minimize disruptive effect of illness
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