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1. Complete an ATI Focused Review®Family & community violence: Identifying a risk factors for intimate partner violence RM MH PN 10.0 CHAPTER 32Individual factors are:Low self-esteemLow incomeLow academic achievementYoung ageAggressive or delinquent behavior as a youthHeavy alcohol and drug useDepressionAnger and hostilityAntisocial personality traitsBorderline personality traitsPrior history of being physically abusiveHaving few friends and being isolated from other peopleUnemploymentEmotional dependence and insecurityBelief in strict gender roles (e.g., male dominance and aggression in relationships)Desire for power and control in relationshipsPerpetrating psychological aggressionSeeing or being a victim of physical or psychological abuse (consistently one of the strongest predictors of perpetration)History of experiencing poor parenting as a childHistory of experiencing physical discipline as a childRelationship factors areMarital conflict-fights, tension, and other strugglesMarital instability-divorces or separationsDominance and control of the relationship by one partner over the other
Economic stressUnhealthy family relationships and interactions Community factors arePoverty and associated factors (e.g., overcrowding)Low social capital-lack of institutions, relationships, and norms that shape a community’s social interactionsWeak community sanctions against IPV (e.g., unwillingness of neighbors to intervene in situations where they witness violence)