KESIAPAN INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI SDG TF3202 Lingkungan dan Energi Program Studi Teknik Fisika ITB Semester II, 2018-2019
WHY THE SDG’S MATTER?
#6 Clean Water and Sanitation Access to water, sanitation and hygiene is a human right , yet billions are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services. Around 1.8 billion people globally use a source of drinking water that is fecally contaminated . Some 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines. Water scarcity affects more than 40 per cent of the global population and is projected to rise. More than 80 per cent of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any treatment, leading to pollution .
#7 Affordable and Clean Energy Our everyday lives depend on reliable and affordable energy services to function smoothly and to develop equitably. A well-established energy system supports all sectors: from businesses, medicine and education to agriculture, infrastructure, communications and high- technology. Conversely, lack of access to energy supplies and transformation systems is a constraint to human and economic development.
#11 Sustainable Cities and Communities Half of humanity — 3.5 billion people — live in cities today, and this number will continue to grow. Because the future will be urban for a majority of people, the solutions to some of the greatest issues facing humans — poverty, climate change, healthcare, education — must be found in city life.
#12 Responsible Consumption and Production More people globally are expected to join the middle class over the next two decades . This is good for individual prosperity but it will increase demand for already constrained natural resources. If we don’t act to change our consumption and production patterns, we will cause irreversible damage to our environment.
#13 Climate Action Climate change is caused by human activities and is threatening the way we live and the future of our planet. By addressing climate change, we can build a sustainable world for everyone . But we need to act now .
#14 Life Below Water Oceans provide key natural resources including food, medicines, biofuels and other products. They help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollution, and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. Maintaining healthy oceans supports climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. And have you been to the seaside? It’s also a great place for tourism and recreation. Even more, Marine Protected Areas contribute to poverty reduction by increasing fish catches and income, and improving health. They also help improve gender equality, as women do much of the work at small-scale fisheries.
#15 Life on Land Forests cover nearly 31 per cent of our planet’s land area . From the air we breathe, to the water we drink, to the food we eat – forests sustain us. Think about it. Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood. Almost 75 per cent of the world’s poor are affected directly by land degradation. Did you know that forests
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