SexEthicsMidtermReview.pdf - Sex Ethics Midterm Review...

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Sex Ethics Midterm Review Markham If one enjoys sex they should seek as many different consenting, non-coercive sexual experiences as possible. While maintaining morals…no animals, no force, no young children, etc. Contrasts libertarian view and roman catholicism Libertarian View: It is essential to have mutual, voluntary informed consent and is therefore ethically appropriate Traditional patriarchal marriage is a problem Unhappy marriage= prison Economic dependence makes ending marriage difficult Children involvement makes it harder Engels: Marriage was an institution intended for bourgeois families to protect their wealth and power Guarantees that the father is passing his property to his blood kin Women are slaves: clean, cook, rear children, offer sex Jaggar: marriages are often very patriarchal institutions Socially constructed roles, not genetically cleaners/cookers Doesn’t allow women to get space to develop their own needs Many women now opt for cohabitation or divorce Johnston: homosexuality for women is only escape Lesbian: the woman who unites the personal and the political in the struggle to free ourselves from the oppressive institution Withdrawal at every level from man to develop woman supremacy, the re-development of the moral physical spiritual intellectual strengths of women Roman Catholic Position: Sexuality is a central part of the human person, it affects all aspects of the human soul Equality of sexes, but different roles for men and women Anyone out of wedlock should be chaste; 7 offenses are: Lust Masturbation Fornication Pornography Prostitution Rape Homosexual acts Two purposes for sexual intimacy: Good of spouses themselves in union (sex is a delight) The transmission of life Importance of procreation and prohibition of contraception
Condemnation of all that violates the covenant: Adultery Divorce Incest Polygamy Free union Trial marriages Sexual intimacy is linked to children, and children should be born into a secure and committed environment Homosexuality: Roman Catholics: homosexuals are called to chastity, but homophobia is wrong Masturbation is a sin, and essentially that is what homosexual sex is Libertarian: homosexuals should be free to express their sexual feelings Lake: in the normal course of events, the child should grow through this phase, thereby implying that adult homosexuality was a form of “retarded growth” Nussbaum we cannot make informed decisions about political religious and legal sexual laws and rights if we don’t read sexual studies Emotions biological AND socially learned 5 areas of social construction (in sexuality): Behavior: society shapes norms for proper sexual behavior depending on age, relationships, and settings.

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