Hinduism - Where did we find Hinduism u25cf Originated in...

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Where did we find Hinduism? 1) Himalayas ode to the Gods 2) Ganges river river is considered sacred and a Goddess (all rivers are considered Goddesses) --- woman offering History Persian Geographical term Indus / Sindhu river Arabic Texts British at end of 18th c Hindoo = people of Hindustan (stan means people) referring to Northern India ***anyone who is not a christian, buddhist, muslim, Sikh, or Jain (British conception) Hindu-ism (Hindu was basically an area or geographical term… and originally anyone who did not identify as those religions) Defining Characteristics Oldest living religion : 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE Judaism - 1500 BCE Buddhism - 5th 6th c BCE Christianity 1st c BCE Islam 6th c BCE No historical founder Eternal Religion - no Jesus or Mohammed No common creed (religious text, Koran, Torah, Bible, or anything telling you how to act) ***Time is cyclical (after death, there is rebirth… after destruction, there is rebirth) ***** Reincarnation 1st stage Karma (cause and effect… effect present and future life and reincarnation… can build good or bad karma) 2nd stage Samsara (cycle of life, death, and reincarnation) 3rd stage Moksha (liberation or freedom - final release of tribulations
of samsara) Dharma (law, duty, and what you're supposed to do) Atman (soul that sticks even through death) Karma (cause and effect… effect present and future life and reincarnation) Brahman (ultimate reality) ****Fulfill dharma(duties, based upon class, age), build up good karma, atman becomes reincarnated into something good, goal is moksha (not desiring worldly things) which is being released --- can be released from (3 margas) good karma, all in order to become one with Brahman 330 million gods and goddesses Identification not based on faith, but rather where you fit into social hierarchy and the gods and goddesses you worship (certain deities more important to some in different communities & classes) Conversion - is not a thing in Hinduism… no such thing as converting to Hinduism… do not try to convert or keep people… “either born a Hindu or not” Practice takes precedence over belief - no central authority to enforce rules… allowed for regional variation… many forms, festivals Core unity What a Hindu Does The practice is essential and the important part 330 Million Gods Shown within Brihadaranyaka Upanishad - apart of the Vedas How many Gods? (varies and depends on who it is) “Nama Rupa” - name and form… idea that there are many different Gods and Goddesses… taking on different forms of essentially the same divine being The one and the many’ Polytheism (lots of gods and goddesses) Shiva, Vishnu, Devi Henotheism / Kathenotheism (plurality of gods, but only one worshipped

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