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Diabetes and Drug TreatmentsDisorders that are characterized by high blood glucose levels are referred to as diabetes mellitus (DM) (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). The major classifications of diabetes are type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, and diabetes from secondary causes (Arcangelo et al., 2017). DM affects nearly 30 million Americans and approximately 80 million American age 18 or older have prediabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2019). Diabetes remains one of the largest health care expenditures. Patients with diabetes health care expenditures are 2.3 times higher than that of patients without diabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2019). Diabetic patients are at risk for a myriad of other health related conditions, this creates a large responsibility for advanced practitioners to have a greater understanding of diabetes and the related conditions that go along with it. The purpose of this paper is to examine differences between the type of diabetes, treatments related toa certain type of diabetes, and to discuss the short- and long-term effects of this diabetes on patients. Type 1 Diabetes MellitusType 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease resulting from T cell mediated beta cell destruction in the pancreas of genetically susceptible individuals (Wang, Xie, Lu, Chang, & Zhou, 2017). There is no insulin produced when the beta cells have been destroyed (Arcangelo etal., 2017).Beta cell destruction results in high blood glucose levels. This type of DM was