3. Selken, Forensic Anthropology

3. Selken, Forensic Anthropology - Biol 255 Guest Lecture...

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Biol 255 Guest Lecture Nicole Selken, Dept of Anthropology, ISU 1 Forensic Anthropology Human Identification and Forensic Taphonomy Nicole H.W. Selken Department of Anthropology What is Forensic Anthropology? A field of study dealing with the analysis of human remains, skeletal or decomposed Subfield of Biological Anthropology Used in several settings – Law enforcement – Museums – Educational institutions – Mass disasters What does a Forensic Anthropologist do? Minimum Number of individuals (MNI) Human vs. Non-human • Identification Age, sex, ancestry, stature Trauma evaluation Pathology, surgeries and fractures BFT, SFT, GSW, burning, animal activity Postmortem Interval Determination Human Identification Human Identification • Sex • Ancestry • Age • Stature • Miscellaneous Sexual Dimorphism = difference in form between individuals of different sexes Methods Non-metric (subjective) Metric (objective) Male vs. Female
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Biol 255 Guest Lecture Nicole Selken, Dept of Anthropology, ISU 2 Male Large Rugose Steep, sloping forehead Large, pointed mental eminence Female Small Gracile Rounded, high forehead Small or absent mental eminence Mastoid Process EOP Orbital Margin Brow Ridge Male Narrow sub-pubic angle Heart-shaped pelvic inlet Tall, angular ileum Rectangular pubic ramus Narrow, curved sacrum Female Wide sub-pubic angle Broad, oval pelvic inlet Short, flared ileum Square pubic ramus Wide, straight sacrum Greater Sciatic Notch More female More Male Ancestry There is no such thing as race. Anthropologists investigate ancestry, or the genetic inheritance of an individual.
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