3. Selken, Forensic Anthropology

3. Selken, Forensic Anthropology - Biol 255 Guest Lecture...

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Biol 255 Guest Lecture Nicole Selken, Dept of Anthropology, ISU 1 Forensic Anthropology Human Identification and Forensic Taphonomy Nicole H.W. Selken Department of Anthropology What is Forensic Anthropology? • A field of study dealing with the analysis of human remains, skeletal or decomposed • Subfield of Biological Anthropology • Used in several settings – Law enforcement – Museums – Educational institutions – Mass disasters What does a Forensic Anthropologist do? • Minimum Number of individuals (MNI) • Human vs. Non-human • Identification – Age, sex, ancestry, stature • Trauma evaluation – Pathology, surgeries and fractures – BFT, SFT, GSW, burning, animal activity • Postmortem Interval Determination Human Identification Human Identification • Sex • Ancestry • Age • Stature • Miscellaneous • Sexual Dimorphism = difference in form between individuals of different sexes Methods • Non-metric (subjective) • Metric (objective) Male vs. Female
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Biol 255 Guest Lecture Nicole Selken, Dept of Anthropology, ISU 2 Male Large Rugose Steep, sloping forehead Large, pointed mental eminence Female Small Gracile Rounded, high forehead Small or absent mental eminence Mastoid Process EOP Orbital Margin Brow Ridge Male • Narrow sub-pubic angle • Heart-shaped pelvic inlet • Tall, angular ileum • Rectangular pubic ramus • Narrow, curved sacrum Female • Wide sub-pubic angle • Broad, oval pelvic inlet • Short, flared ileum • Square pubic ramus • Wide, straight sacrum Greater Sciatic Notch More female More Male Ancestry • There is no such thing as race. • Anthropologists investigate ancestry, or the genetic inheritance of an individual. • Used to create a possible physical profile
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course BIOL 255 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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3. Selken, Forensic Anthropology - Biol 255 Guest Lecture...

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