latin_lit_study_guide - FJCL Latin Literature Study Guide(Lucius Livius Andronicus Considered the founder of Latin literature he was a Greek from

latin_lit_study_guide - FJCL Latin Literature Study...

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FJCL Latin Literature Study Guide (Lucius) Livius Andronicus : Considered the founder of Latin literature, he was a Greek from Tarentum , born c 284 B.C., who was brought to Rome as a slave; He translated the Odyssey of the Greek epic poet Homer into Latin as poetry in Saturnian verse . He also wrote fabulae palliatae , Latin comedies derived from Greek originals. Gnaeus Naevius : The first native Roman writer of note, he was born c 270 B.C. He is best known for his Bellum Punicum , an epic poem on the First Punic War in Saturnian verse . He invented fabulae praetextae , dramas based on Roman subjects named for the garment. He also wrote fabulae palliatae . Quintus Ennius : A writer of plays and poems, he was born in Rudiae in Calabria in 239 B.C. He knew three languages: Latin, Oscan, and Greek and consequently said that he had three hearts . He was revered by later Roman writers much more than Livius and Naevius. Ennius’ most important work is Annales (Annals), an epic poem 18 books long in dactylic hexameter verse which told Rome’s story from the fall of Troy to Ennius’ time. Ennius was the first writer to adapt Greek hexameter verse into Latin . Titus Maccus (Maccius) Plautus : A comic playwright, born c 255 B.C.. Of some 130 plays written by Plautus, 20 are fully extant (surviving) and a large fragment of one more ( Vidularia ) also survives. Plautus derived his plays from those of Greek. Amphitryon: concerns Jupiter’s love for Alcmena, the wife of Amphitryon Aulularia (‘The Pot of Gold’): Captivi (‘The Captives’): concerning a man Hegio searching for his lost sons, it has no female characters . Epidicus : Plautus’ favorite play , Menaechmi (‘The Twin Menaechmi’): one of Plautus most successful comedies; in it two separated brothers discover each other and are reunited in Syracuse, the city of their births. The play is the model for Shakespeare’s A Comedy of Errors . Miles Gloriosus (‘The Braggart Soldier’): Mostellaria (‘The Haunted House’): Poenulus (‘The Carthaginian’): contains the only extant passages of Ca rthaginian language; in the play Hanno prevents his daughters from being sold into prostitution. Pseudolus : play in which the title character helps his master obtain enough money to free a courtesan named Phoenicium from Simo the procurer and a Macedonian officer who almost buys her. Rudens (‘Rope’): Marcus Porcius Cato the Elder (Censor): born in Tusculum in 234 B.C., he fought in the Second Punic War and is famous for ending all his speeches with Carthago delenda est (“Carthage must be destroyed”). He died in 149 B.C. Cato was Rome’s first prose writer and the first to write Roman history in Latin . He wrote Origines , a lost work in seven books dealing with the beginnings of Italian civilization and early Roman history. He also wrote De Agri Cultura ( De Re Rustica ), a
handbook on agriculture which declares cabbage to be an excellent and versatile crop. De Agri Cultura was the first (surviving) Latin prose work, while Origines was the first history written in Latin. The only name mentioned in Origines

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