US History Chapter 7 Review.pdf - Loyalist An American colonist who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence Patriot An American

US History Chapter 7 Review.pdf - Loyalist An American...

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12/10/2017 1 Loyalist An American colonist who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence Patriot An American colonist who favored American independence Continental Army Army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British
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12/10/2017 2 Mercenary Solider who fights merely for pay, often for a foreign country Battle of Long Island A 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured; British victory Battle of Trenton A 1776 battle in New Jersey in which Washington’s troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack; American vistory
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12/10/2017 3 Battle of Saratoga In 1777, the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat to New England and convinced France to become allies with the United States; American victory; turning point of the war Ally Nation that works with another nation for a common purpose Valley Forge Pennsylvania site of Washington’s Continental Army camp during the winter of 1777 – 1778; bleakest (worst) time of the war for the Americans
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12/10/2017 4 Inflation When it takes more and more money to buy the same goods Blockade A strategy to keep ships from entering or leaving a harbor/port Privateer A privately owned ship outfitted with weapons
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12/10/2017 5 Guerilla Solider who used hit – and – run military tactics Guerilla Warfare The use of hit – and – run military tactics Seige An attempt to force surrender by blocking the movement of people or goods into or out of a place
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12/10/2017 6 Ambush An attack in which the attacker hides and surprises the enemy Battle of Yorktown Final battle in the American Revolution; this 1781 American victory in Virginia forces the British to surrender; American victory Ratify To approve
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12/10/2017 7 Treaty of Paris, 1783 Peace treaty between the United States and Britain; ratified in 1783, that recognized the U.S. as an independent nation Washington’s Farewell Address George Washington’s final official speech as President before leaving office advising the nation not to form alliances or political parties George Washington Commander of the Continental Army
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12/10/2017 8 Abigail Adams Wife of John Adams, delegate to the Continental Congress. She wrote letters arguing for women’s rights. And, her letters written to her husband helped document the war. Peter Salem Enslaved African American from Massachusetts who fought at Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill and throughout the war Wentworth Cheswell Free African American who made a midnight ride on horseback to warn local residents that the British were coming; fought heroically in the Battle of Saratoga
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12/10/2017 9 James Armistead Born a slave in Virginia; serves as a valuable spy for the Continental Army during the American Revolution who gathered information to pin down Cornwallis at Yorktown Benjamin Franklin Served as an ambassador to France to get French support for the American Revolution Bernardo de Galvez Spanish governor of Louisiana who had tons of supplies and ammunition shipped up the
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