Chapter 3: “Settling the Northern Colonies” Talking Points Part 25.) Be prepared to discuss the Bay Colony and consider:The Puritans who weren’t separatists got a royal charter in 1629 to settle in the Massachusetts area. John Winthrop served as the governor and deputy governor for 19 years in the Massachusetts. Only men who belonged to the Puritan church could vote and participate in government. Although on a local level, most people could debate and vote on issues, at a larger scale the government was very much controlled by Winthrop. Those in power were strictly “visible saints”, and there was virtually no separation between church and state. Although there was some, like thee congregation had the right to hire and fire it’s minister, and Clergyman couldnot hold a formal political office.