Chapter Five: “Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution” Talking Points-Over the course of the 1700s, the population in the North American colonies exploded.-In 1775, the most populous colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland.-About 90% of people lived in rural areas.-Colonial America was a melting pot. Germans were 6% of the total population in 1775. Many Germans settled in Pennsylvania, fleeing religious persecution, economic oppression, and the ravages of war.Scots-Irish were 7% of the population in 1775. They were lawless individuals.-By the mid 18thcentury, a series of Scots-Irish settlements were scattered along the "great wagon road", which hugged the eastern Appalachian foothills from Pennsylvania to Georgia. TheScots-Irish led the armed march of the Paxton Boys in Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker policies toward the Indians. A few years later, they led the Regulator movement in North Carolina, a small but nasty insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affairs.-About 5% of the multi colored colonial population consisted of other European groups- French Huguenots, Welsh, Dutch, Swedes, Jews, Irish, Swiss, and Scots Highlanders.
-By about 1720, the proportion of females in the Chesapeake area soon began to rise, and the number of families increased.-On the Sea Islands off South Carolina's coast, blacks evolved a language, Gullah. It blended English with several African languages, including Yoruba, Ibo, and Hausa.