Alexis Couch PSY 216 Journal 3 Phenomenological Concepts Carl Rogers believes self is a part of phenomenological experiences. The self is not an alternate personality or an independent factor that controls us. “Rather, the self is an organized set of perceptions possessed by the individual, who is ultimately responsible for his or her actions” (Cervone & Pervin, 2016). There are two different characteristics to the self: actual self and ideal self or ought self. Actual self is a person’s image of the qualities that they believe they possess, or that they think others believe they possess. Some of these attributes would be intelligence, athleticism, attractiveness, etc. For example, a person with an eating disorder like bulimia, may see themselves has fat, even if they are skinny. Ideal self is an idealized version of an individual that they created based on their experiences, demands of society, and qualities most admired by the individual. For example, women featured in magazines on in the media are thin, well dressed, and dolled up. These perceptions influence the ideal self in some women, making their ideal self to be thin, dress a certain way, and wear make-up to fit into society. Ought self is a person’s understanding of what others want them to be. I believe there to be a high level of harmony between my actual self, ideal self, and ought self. “Rogers thus recognizes
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