Soc 3710 Lec 3 Notes.docx - SOC 3710 Jan 17th 2019 LECTURE...

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SOC 3710 Jan. 17 th , 2019. LECTURE 3- YOA & YCJA: Lesson Plan: Juvenile Delinquents Act (JDA) 1908 Young Offenders Act (YOA) 1984 Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) 2003 Objectives: Situate the YOA and YCJA historically Articulate the underlying principles of the YOA and the YCJA Identify the corresponding models of juvenile justice Review: What is an Act? o A piece of legislation that is passed at parliament that is made a law o Sometimes called statutes o At written form, but not passed Bill o Once Bill is passed Act Which Act have we reviewed thus far? o The JDA Definitions: ****Need to understand 1. Principles- YOA and YCJA each comprise a number of principles o The content of the Act, the defining characteristics & concepts of the act o Core and defining characteristics of the Act 2. Models of Juvenile Justice *** On MT Principles: YOA and YCJA each comprise a number of principles Core and defining characteristics of the Act Models of Juvenile Justice: Depending on what the principles say we can classify the act as one of four justice models Colour coordinated all throughout the course Know this chart for the different models of juvenile justice Different models were used in the different acts o Can categorize the Acts as different models Welfare model - green : soft on crime, worried about the offender, rehabilitation Crime control model - red : hard on crime, protection of society - offender doesn't get any sympathy, holding them accountable for their decisions, maintaining order/deterrence o Tough on crime, law and order, protecting and maintaining society Mostly categorize Acts towards welfare or crime control model o Liberals, NDP - welfare model o Conservatives - crime control model
Restorative - orange : fixing and reducing harm that is caused by crime, repairing damages, reconciliation - people's relationships are damaged after a crime is committed and fixing those relationships o Restoring the harmony within society Justice - blue : rights of the individual - is the individual getting the rights they are guaranteed in the system - both offender and victim o People commit crime from their own free will o Justice is where everyone's rights are met and there is due process o Everyone provided with their fundamental rights to be able to seek justice properly Example: If an Act is primarily comprised of principles pertaining to ______, then it can be categorized as a _______ model. Principle: protection of society Model: crime control Principle: rehabilitation Model: welfare model Welfare J ustice Crime Control Restorative Focus Offenders’ needs Individual rights Protection of society Fix and reduce harm Philosophy Parens patriae Rights Law and order Reconciliation View of crime Social, psych., & enviro.

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