CHAPTER 2 - CHAPTER 2 Establishing a Constitutional...

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CHAPTER 2 Establishing a Constitutional Democracy The First National Election 1) 1887/88 were first natl elections where delegates were chosen for ratification convention a. Federalists for ratification b. Anti-Federalists against 2) Afraid of “second revolution,” internal and foreign conflicts 3) 11/13 ratified Constitution 4) Constitution not product of secretive constitutional convention, result of first national election The Colonial and Revolutionary Era 1) The Colonial Experience with Democracy a. Jamestown, although short lived because of bankruptcy, had democratically elected delegates b. Mayflower compact signed by pilgrims, est principle that govt resulted from consent of people c. Originally proprietary colonies, mainly founded for eco gain, some for religion d. Eco colonies reorganized as royal colonies, political difficulties e. Power between governor and colonial assembly/colonial council f. Governors maintained legislative support with patronage power g. Legislative power to levy taxes (used to broaden influence) h. Colonial councils appt by governors lost influence i. Voting rights limited by race, gender and property qualifications 2) Spread of Democratic Ideals During the Revolutionary War a. “revolutionary struggle was set in motion with opposition to a tax, swelled into a question of rights and representation, and finally led to a Dec of Indep…” b. British make colonists pay for keeping troops in colonies c. Stamp tax, reasonable and lower to/than British, colonists outraged d. Taxation without representation e. Organized protest with stamp act congress (demand for representation) said that no taxes can be imposed constitutionally but by the colonies respective legislatures f. Stamp act repealed when unenforceable g. Began taxing tea, ignored colonists, Patriots formed h. Responded by shutting down democratic inst, withdrew charter, closed colonial assembly, banned town meetings, blockaded Boston Harbor, enlarged armed garrison i. 1 st Cont. Congress called for boycott of British goods,
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