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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 3 Federalism: Division of Power among National, State, and Local Governments The Politics of Katrina Haphazard and disorganized federal, state, local govt response 1,300 died, 1.5 million displaced, 100 billion property damages All plans seemed to rely on other forms of govt to carry the burden FEMA slow, bureaucratic, poorly advised The Federalism Debate: Its New but its Old For democratic govt to be called a federal system must have: 1) its own set of elected officials, 2) own capacity to raise revenue (taxation), 3) independent authority to pass laws, regulate citizens Local govts are creatures of the state, not fundament units 1) Federalism in Context a. skeptical of federalism b. most countries have unitary governments (authority held by single, nat govt) c. regional, local govt simply administrative d. federalism allowed states to enter USA orderly e. states can make own policies, account for differences f. dist of powers between state/fed constant dispute 2) Federalism and the Ratification of the Constitution a. 10 th amendment: Powers not explicitly federal or prohibited to states are given to the states b. Federalists (nationalists) v Anti-Fed c. Congress denied full leg powr d. No state divided/downsized without consent e. Necessary and proper clause f. Supremacy clause g. Table 3.1 The Evolution of the Federalism Debate Federalism still fluctuating Supreme courts have importance because of judicial review Can expand/contract state and congressional powers 1) Dual Sovereignty and Nullification a. dual sovereignty (both state and fed) b. tyranny of the majority worst kind- stifling, complete and seemingly legit c. dividing power prevents^ d. nullification first used for Alien and Sedation Acts, tear apart nation later e. McCulloch v Maryland b/c people source of central govt authority, a state could not override national law i. If states tax a fed govt, could undermine sovereignty of federal govt ii. Case doubt on nullification, but did not kill it...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Spring '07