CHAPTER 7 - CHAPTER 7: Interest-Group Participation in...

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CHAPTER 7: Interest-Group Participation in American Democracy Interest Groups in the United States 1) Growth and Development of Groups a. formation comes in waves b. citizens, non profit 2) The Nature and Variety of “Interest Groups” a. can have membership dues, journals, meetings, convention or no membership at all b. 80% professional or occupational, 20% citizens Forming and Maintaining Interest Groups Millions support but do no join Affluent contribute more, battle of the resources Incentives 1) solidary (social) 2) material (economic) and 3) purposive (advance the goal) 1) The Free rider problem a. personal impact too small to notice, receive benefit whether contribute or not b. larger group, distance, abstractness = bigger problem c. public v private goods 2) Overcoming the Free Rider Problem a. coercion b. social movements c. increasing the perceived impact (10cents a day will feed a child) d. selective benefits- limited to contributing members e. political entrepreneurs will form an organization anyways even if other will free ride
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CHAPTER 7 - CHAPTER 7: Interest-Group Participation in...

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