Revisions History revised.docx - Contacts and conquest of...

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Contacts and conquest of the Early Modern Era Chronology Spanish and Portuguese Activities in the Americas Colombus 1 st Voyage to the Americas + Treaty of Torsadillas 1492 Portuguese fleet arrives in Brazil 1500 Spanish conquest of Mexico 1519-1522 Francisco Pizarro’s conquest of the Inkas 1531-1536 Viceroyalty of New Spain established 1535 Formal colonial administrative system in Brazil 1549 Chronology The Penetration Africa Life of Prince Henry the Navigator 1394-1460 Portuguese reach the Senegal River 1441 Bartolomeu Dias sails around the Tip of Africa 1487 First boatload of slaves to the Americas 1518 Dutch way station established at the Cap of Good Hope 1652 Ashanti Kingdom established in West Africa 1680 Portuguese expelled from Mombasa 1728 Chronology The Spice trade Vasco de Gama lands at Calicut in SW India « Christians and Spices » 1498 Albuquerque establishes base at Goa 1510 Portuguese seize Malacca 1511 Portuguese ships land in South China 1514 Magellan’s voyage around the world 1519-1522 English East India Company established 1600 Dutch East India Company established 1602 English arrive at Surrat in NW India 1608 Dutch Fort established at Batavia 1619 Key Terms Portolani : detailed charts drawn up by navigators and navigators Caravels : ships mobile enough to sail against the wind and engage in naval warfare and also large enough to be armed with heavy cannons and carry substantial amount of food Conquistadors : adventurous individuals motivated by typical 16 th century blend of glory,greed, and religious zeal.>Privately funded Viceroy : Local Head of Administrative colonial empire Creoles : American born descendants of Europeans Encomienda system: EU settlers received grants of land and could collect tribute from the indigenous people and use them as laborers Encomienda: holders were supposed to protect Indians and supervise their spiritual and material needs (free of interpretation by settlers….) Columbian exchange: Effects of Columbus discoveries and institutions of settlers bringing ”higher standards of living” (plants ,animal, diseases, technology) or rather harsh exploitation colonial exploitation/slavery of that changed the way of life of both Americans and EU> Transition between the Old and New World. Middle Passage: Arduous & dangerous voyage between Africa and the Americas > slave trade Triangular Trade: transatlantic slave trade, that operated from the late 16th to early 19th centuries, carrying slaves to Americas, cash crops to Europe, and manufactured goods to Africa Islamic Empires of the Early Modern Era and South Asian Religion, Society and Global interactions Chronology The Ottoman Empire Reign of Osman I 1280-1326 Reign of Mehmet II The Conqueror 1451-1481 Turkish conquest of Constantinople 1453
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