EDUC 554 CHAPTER 5 Notes.docx - CHAPTER 5 CRACKING THE ALPHABETIC CODE Phonemic awareness-Children learn to notice and manipulate the oral language(p

EDUC 554 CHAPTER 5 Notes.docx - CHAPTER 5 CRACKING THE...

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CHAPTER 5: CRACKING THE ALPHABETIC CODE Phonemic awareness-Children learn to notice and manipulate the oral language (p. 146) ->Phonics-children learn to convert letters into sounds and blend them. ->Phoneme-grapheme correspondences ->Spelling- students learn to segment spoken words into sounds and convert sounds into letters to spell words. PHONEMIC AWARENESS A child’s basic understanding that speech is composed of a series of individual sounds, and it provides the foundation for phonics and spelling. PA Strategies (p. 147) Identifying Sounds in Words-Children identify beginning and ending sounds in a word Categorizing Sounds in Words-Classifying words by similar sounds and recognizing the odd word. Substituting Sounds to make new words Blending Sounds to Form Words Segmenting a Word Into Sounds Teaching Phonemic Awareness (pp. 147-148) Sing songs, chant rhymes, read aloud wordplay books Activities should be appropriate for 5- and 6-year-olds. Instruction should be planned and purposeful, not just incidental. Activities should be integrated with other components of a balanced literacy program (pp. 148-149). Sound-Matching Activities Sound-Isolation Activities Sound-Blending Activities (p. 151) Sound-Addition and -Substitution Activities Sound-Segmentation Activities Elkonin boxes can be used to teach students to segment words (p. 152) NUTURING ENGLISH LEARNERS Use familiar and meaningful words. Use poems and songs to help children learn to recognize and pronounce English sound patterns. Teachers need to familiarize themselves with students’ native language. Explicit instruction and extra practice are recommended (p. 154). Phonemic Awareness is a prerequisite for reading development (p. 155). There is a clear connection between a child’s phonemic awareness and their ability to read successfully.
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PHONICS Phonics- the set of relationships between phonology [ speech sounds ] and orthography [ spelling
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