TheRoleofEgovernmentinCombatingCopdf.docx - 20 S.J.I.T.N...

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20S.J.I.T.N Vol .6 No.1 (2018)journal homepage: © 2018 Saba Journal of Information Technology and Networking, Published by Saba University. All Rights Reserved.ArticleThe Role of E-government in Combating Corruption in the Public Sectorin YemenIkhlas Sharaf Alhammadi *, Prof. Ahmed Alhadramy Saba UniversityArticle infoAbstractArticle history:Accepted: March , 2018Corruption is generally considered to be one of the mostsignificant impediments to economic development and goodgovernance; while E-government is considered as a tool to promotetransparency and re- duce corruption. It is more than true, especiallyin the least developed countries; Countries that have invested more ine-government have also seen more reduction in the levels ofcorruption. Clearly, there was a need for strengthening research on e-government as a tool for combating corruption, which at present islargely a-theoretical and descriptive. This research focused ondifferent projects of e-govern- ment in Yemen and that might behelpful to reduce corruption. The statistical analysis used a modifiedKlitgaard corruption model, which included factors of intervention ofmiddlemen in addition to monopoly power, the discretion of officialsand the absence of transparency. The purpose of this research was tostudy the direction and significance of the relationship between e-government and combating corruption in the public sector in Yemen.The results of this research revealed that the use of ICT in the formof e-government can make important head- way to reduce corruption.Also, the results of this research support the hypotheses that e-government limits both positively and significantly monopoly power,discretion, and intervention of middlemen, as wellas increases transparency.Keywords:Corruption, ICT, E-Govern- ment, Combating Corrup- tion, Monopoly Power, Discretion, Transparency, Yemen.* Corresponding author: Ikhlas Sh. Alhammadi E-mail: [email protected]
S.J.I.T.N Vol .6 No.1 (2018)211. Introduction:Combating corruption is one of the mostimport- ant challenges facing countries aroundthe world. In this decade, countries, bothdeveloped and developing, are vulnerable tocorruption. Also, corruption has become a threatto the general ob- jectives of the governmentaldevelopment, dis- ruption of its programs, plans,projects, and helps the aggravation of theeconomic crises.Recent researches in information and commu-nication technology (ICT) have given hope tothe idea that new technologies in the form of e-government practices can be used to combatcorruption in the public sector. Indeed, differentstudies[1],[2],[3],[4]show that different e-gov-ernment projects that are initiated in countrieshave one thing, in which all the projectssucceed- ed, that is elimination or combating ofcorruption to a great extent.

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