psychology.odt - Case Study of Behavioral Disorders Case...

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Case Study of Behavioral Disorders Case Study of Behavioral Disorders Name: Institution: Date: Course: 1
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Case Study of Behavioral Disorders Behavior disorders, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), are something that many children are diagnosed with on a daily basis. Thapar, van den Bree, Fowler, Langley, & Whittinger (2006) suggest that, “Early occurring ADHD, particularly when severe symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity are present, is one of the most reliable predictors of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD). Longitudinal studies have found that ADHD leads to ODD and CD rather than vice versa. (Marsh & Wolfe, 2013, p. 136). According to Beauchaine, Hinshaw, & Pang (2010), “Children with ODD overreact by lashing out at adults and other kids. They are stubborn, short-tempered, argumentative, and defiant. Children with CD violate societal rules and are at high risk for getting into serious trouble at school or with the police. They may fight, cheat, steal, set fires, or destroy property (Marsh et al, 2013, p. 136). “A study by Kutcher (2004) found that approximately fifty percent of all children with ADHD also meet the criteria for ODD” (Argosy University Online, 2014). Although ODD and CD are similar in their characteristics, there are also some differences. They are both associated with symptoms of ADHD. If the ODD and CD are not treated properly or on time, there is a greater risk for behaviors of ADHD tomanifest. “ADHD occurs seven times more often in children with ODD or CD, and major depression occurs ten times more often” (Harstad & Barbaresi, 2011). For conduct order to be diagnosed, “A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated, as manifested by the presence of three (or more) of the twelve criteria related to CD in the past twelve 2
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Case Study of Behavioral Disorders months, with at least one criterion present in the past 6 months.” Merikangas also noted that, “ODD is more prevalent than CD during childhood, but by adolescence the prevalence is about equal. Lifetime prevalence estimates are 12% for ODD (13% for males, and 11% for females), and 8% for CD (9% for males and 6% for females)” (Marsh et al, 2013, pp. 166-167). With ODD the behaviors only need to be present for six months showing four or more of the eight behaviors associated with the disorder. According to Nock (2007), “Symptoms of ODD typically emerge two to three years before CD symptoms, at about age six years for ODD versus age nine years for CD” (Marsh et al, 2013, p. 167). When diagnosing anyone with a disorder there are certain criteria the individual must meet. In regards to ODD the individual must have experienced at least six months of, “A pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior during which four (or more) of the following are present” (Marsh & Wolfe, 2013, p. 165): (1) often loses temper (2) often argues with adults (3) often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults' requests or rules (4) often deliberately annoys people (5)
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  • Fall '15
  • Oppositional defiant disorder, Study of Behavioral Disorders

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