Soc 134 02212008 - Slavery Slavery as an Economic I...

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Unformatted text preview: Slavery Slavery as an Economic I nstitution Between 10 to 15 mill Africans transported across Atlantic between 1500 and 1800 At least 2 mill Africans (10 to 15 percent) died during the “Middle Passage” across the Atlantic. Another 15 to 3 percent died during the march to confinement along the coast. For every 100 slaves who reached the new world, 40 died in Africa or during the Middle Passage. Slavery was practiced all over the world but it wasn’t practiced as a race institution. It was a class institution and slaves typically weren’t in slavery for all of their life. Portuguese colonies had the most African slaves, but the slaves had somewhat more rights later on. Slave trade: the Zong Massacre Outbreak of disease on the slave ship Zong killed 60 slaves. The captain ordered 133 slaves thrown overboard reasoning that the insurance policy on the ship and “cargo” covered only slave death by drowning, not by disease. Legal charges were later filed against the crew (but for insurance fraud, not murder) The Slave T rade The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade brought slaves from Africa to English, Portuguese, French, and Spanish colonies/plantations in North America, Latin America and the Caribbean. Brazil and the Caribbean Islands were biggest importers of Slaves (not US) Due to international activist pressure, Great Britain (major slave trader by this point) outlawed importation of slaves. The US banned importation of slaves in 1808 (slavery didn’t end until end of Civil War in 1865) With the end of the slave trade, slave owners began exploiting the...
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2008 for the course SOC 134 taught by Professor Shoemaker during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Soc 134 02212008 - Slavery Slavery as an Economic I...

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