Assessment #3 ~ Juvenile Justice Ana… [Chapter 11 + no outside readings for this chapter] 1. Know the objectives of aftercare/parole ( p.242 ) p. 228 : 1. Release residents from confinement at the most favorable time for community adjustment. 2. Prepare youths for their successful reintegration into the community on completion of aftercare. 3. Reduce the crimes committed by released juveniles. 4. Reduce the violent acts committed by released offenders. 5. Increase community confidence in parole. 6. Alleviate overcrowding of training schools. 7. Monitor youthful offenders as the refrain from abusing or trafficking drugs. 8. Discourage the return of youths to street gangs. 2. Know the arguments for judges (independent agencies) vs. institutional officials in terms of deciding release. [Forum Question #22] pp. 228-229 : Institutional (staff): They see the daily changes by the juveniles and work with them in therapy, therefore interact with them more informally and observe the interaction with their peers. Judge: Cannot depend on the staff at the institution because if there are conflicts with a staff member this could negatively impact the decision, or other issues such as overcrowding. Judges have the clearest authority over the juveniles and how their cases progress. 3. Know whether the majority of states use determinate or indeterminate sentencing for aftercare supervision. Indeterminate [but we CANNOT SAY FROM THE TEXT! There is a question in the Forums about this, but no answer answer so far. –Dec. 6, 6a.m.] Monica… 4. Know the basic characteristics of intervention programs ( p.249 ) - They target specific dynamic and criminogenic characteristics. Such as attitudes, cognitions, behavior regarding education, peers, employment, authority, substance abuse, and interpersonal relationships. - They have a plan implemented by trained personnel which must have therapeutic integrity; deliver according a specific plan and design. - Frequent and quality interaction between service providers and offenders is essential for effective intervention. - They use cognitive and behavioral treatments. Most effective programs use structured, focused treatment based on behavioral, skill-oriented, and multimodal methods rather than less structured, less focused approaches. - They target offenders with the highest risk of recidivism. Most effective when it is provided to juveniles with the highest risk of recidivism. Mikah… 5. Know the 2 main responsibilities of aftercare officers. The two main responsibilities of an aftercare officer are the supervision of the released juvenile (aftercare officer observes if juvenile is upholding terms of aftercare agreement) revocation of aftercare for a juveniles who have violated the terms of their aftercare agreement.
Mikah… [Chapter 12 + video, see below, #10] 6.
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