Chapter 6 notes - THE NEW GOVERNMENT TAKES SHAPE 1...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

THE NEW GOVERNMENT TAKES SHAPE1.Judiciary Act of 1789JudiciaryActof1789creates Supreme, 3 circuit, 13 district courts2.Washington Shapes the Executive BranchWashington elected first president of USin 1789Executive branch(行政部门) is president, vice presidentCongress creates State, War, Treasury DepartmentsAlexanderHamiltonbecomes secretary of treasury(财政部)Jeffersonis Secretary of StateHenryKnoxis Secretary of WarWashingtonadds attorney general(司法部长;首席检察官)(Edmund Randolph); these Department heads are the Cabinet (内阁)HAMILTON AND JEFFERSON DEBATE1.Hamilton and Jefferson in ConflictHamilton: strong central government led by wealthy, educatedJefferson: strong state, local government: people’s participationHamilton has Northernsupport; Jefferson has Southern, Western2.Hamilton’s Economic Plan (part 1)US owes millions to foreign countries, private citizensPlan: pay foreign debt and assume states’ debt Some Southern states have paid states have paid debts, against taxes to pay for North3.Plan for a National Bank (part 2)Hamilton proposes Bank of the United StatesFunded by government, private investorsIssue paper money, handle taxesDisagreement over Congressional authority to establish bank4.The District of ColumbiaTo win Southern support for his debt plan, Hamilton suggests:Moving nation’s capital from NYC to SouthSoutherners accept (Assumption Bill)THE FIRST POLITICAL PARTIES AND REBELLION1.Federalists and Democratic RepublicansSplit in Washington’s cabinet leads to first US political parties:Jefferson’sallies: Democratic Republicans (Strict interpretation)Hamilton’sallies: Federalists(Loose Interpretation)Two party system established as two major parties compete for power2.The Whiskey Rebellion (part 3)Protective Tariff(保护性关税): import tax on goods produced overseasCongress did not passExcise Tax charged on product’s manufacture, sale, or distribution
In 1794, Pennsylvania farmer refuse to pay excise tax on whiskeyBeat up federal marshals, threaten secession

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture