EJ1056371.pdf - On the Nature of Applied Linguistics Theory and Practice Relationships from a Critical Perspective William S\u00e1nchez Abstract This

EJ1056371.pdf - On the Nature of Applied Linguistics Theory...

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98 On the Nature of Applied Linguistics: Theory and Practice Relationships from a Critical Perspective William Sánchez Abstract This article explores the relationships between Applied Linguistics and other related disciplines concerning language use and language teaching issues. It seeks to trace the changes in the view of the relationship between theory and practice in Applied Linguistics, to explain the reason for those changes, and to discuss the implications for language teaching. Some general assumptions that serve as a context for this are presented. It also shows possible forms of interaction between basic and applied science (linguistics in this case) and practical activities, and presents some implications to teacher education and the way these visions have permeated language education and foreign language teaching practices. Resumen En este artículo se exploran las relaciones que se dan entre la lingüística aplicada y otras disciplinas relacionadas en cuanto el uso y enseñanza de la lengua se refiere. En éste, se busca identificar los cambios de perspectiva de la relación entre la teoría y la práctica en la lingüística aplicada, explicar las razones de dichos cambios y discutir las implicaciones en la enseñanza de lenguas. Para esto, se presentan unas premisas generales que sirven de punto de referencia y le dan un contexto a la discusión. El artículo también muestra algunas posibles formas de interacción entre las ciencias básicas y aplicadas (en este caso la lingüística) y las actividades prácticas. También presenta algunas implicaciones
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99 en la formación de docentes y la forma cómo estos enfoques han permeado la formación en lenguas y las practicas docentes en lenguas extranjeras. Key words: Applied Linguistics, language teaching and learning, theory, practice, critical perspective. Palabras clave: Lingüística aplicada, enseñanza y apredizaje de lenguas, teoría, práctica, perspectiva crítica. Introduction No matter how theorists have differed regarding the scope and coverage of Applied Linguistics, it has been seen as a way of relating basic disciplines with practical language use concerns. Foreign Language teaching is considered one of its typical domains. McCarthy (2001), in the foreword of his book, defined applied linguistics as the “relationship between knowledge, theory and practice in the field of language”. But a question that arises is “what kind of relationships we are dealing with?”. For a long time, teachers, as well as others professionals, have turned to language science, psychology, sociology and education theories to seek insight for possible solutions to some language teaching and learning problems. Among other tendencies in education, in general, and in language pedagogy in particular, critical approaches have been attempting to bridge the gap between theory and practice. One of the great new challenges for teachers, researchers and theorists in the language field is not only to discover
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  • Fall '17
  • jane smith
  • Second language acquisition, Applied linguistics, Nature of Applied Linguistics

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